Aitareya Upanishad – From Plasma to Particles..

I have been going through Aitareya Upanishad for sometime. In particular, I have been going through original Sanskrit verses and translations as offered by Sitarama Sastri and Swami Muni Narayana Prasad.

Here I am offering my understanding of the first Khanda of Aitareya Upanishad.

Here is the link on Maha Mrityunjaya Mantra, where I have explained my overview of Aitareya Upanishad.

http://thebigthinkg.sulekha.com/blog/post/2009/03/maha-mrityunjaya-mantra-immortally-mortal.htm

Aitareya Upanishad

Khanda 1

Aum atma va idam eka evagra asit

Nanyat kin cana misat

Sa aiksata lokan nu srja iti

 

Aum – Universe

Atma – self, move, breathe, blow

Va – either

Idam – here

Eka – only one

Eva – alone

Gra asit – existed

Aum indicates Universe, as explained in my blog here: http://thebigthinkg.sulekha.com/blog/post/2007/03/aum-om-an-analysis.htm

In the Universe, the ‘Atma’ was the only one and existed alone. ‘Atma’ is the essence or soul. At first, the essence or soul of Universe only existed.

Na – Anyat – Nothing else

Cana – not even, also not

Misat -a rival one

Nothing else, not even the anti-particle of the ‘Atma’ or ‘essence’ existed at that time.

ikSat – it was seen (seeing, looking, visiting)

lokAn nu – the worlds

srja iti – is thus created

And it was seen creating the worlds by itself.

Sa ima lokan asrjata, ambha maricir maram apo’do

Ambhah parena divam; dyauh pratistha antariksam

Maricayah, prithvi maro ya adhastat ta apah

 

Sa ima – in this way

Lokan – worlds

Asrjata – got created

In this way, the worlds got created

Ambha – little lustrous plasma

Marici – shining speck of particle as well as field

Maram – mortal form of matter (that has death)

Apa – medium of life, life

From the little lustrous plasma (called Ambha) came Marici, Maram and Apa. Marici literally means both shining speck of particle as well as field. Maram literally means mortal form of matter, that is susceptible to death. Apa is the medium of life or life itself.

Ambo – plasma

Parena –  farther, beyond, past, afterwards, later than

Divam – heaven

Dyauh – sheen, glow

Pratistha – installed, abode, resting place

The plasma exists beyond the heavens and is glowing.

Antariksam – space

Maricayah – formed by marici

Space is formed or filled by marici which is a duality of particle and field.

Prthivi – earth, earth like planets

Maro – formed by mara which is a mortal form of matter (that is susceptible to death)

Earth and earth like planets are formed by mortal (susceptible to death) form of matter

Adhastat – below, beneath, under that

Apa – medium of life, life

Beneath such planets the medium of life thrives and life comes up

Sa iksata ime nu loka, loka-palan nu srja iti

So’dbhya eva purusam samuddhrtyamurchayat

Sa iksata – it was seen

Ime Nu – in this manner

Loka – worlds

Loka-palan – protector of the worlds

Srja iti – is thus created

It was seen in this way the worlds and protector of the worlds was  created.

Sodbhya – from the same womb

Eva – only

Purusam – Purusha

SamuddhRta – drawn out, lifted

Murchayat – Solidified

From the same essence/soul/plasma, purusha (protector of the worlds) was drawn out, lifted and solidified to protect the Universe. The purusha is the dark matter, as described in my article on Purusha Suktam

http://thebigthinkg.sulekha.com/blog/post/2008/09/new-revelations-in-purusha-suktam.htm

http://thebigthinkg.sulekha.com/blog/post/2008/10/samith-and-seven-black-holes-a-commentary-on-purusha.htm

Ambha of Universe

tam abhyatapat; tasya abhitaptasya

mukham nirabhideta yatha andam

Tam – suffocate, choke

Abhyatapat – pain, torment, turbulence

It (the plasmic Ambha) suffocated, choked, scorched, burnt and tormented with heavy turbulence.

Tasya -From that

Abhitapta – radiate heat, scorched, burnt

asya – like

mukham – face

nir   – free of, without, not

abhidA – brings upon, to set forth, explain, to cause, name, to cover,  protect

eta – here, this here

nirabhideta  – uncovering this here, crystallize, hatch

From radiation of heat, scorching and burning a ‘face-like’ is uncovered

yatha – in the manner, in such a manner

andam – egg

in the manner of an egg (hatched, crystallized).

This is the Amba part of evolution of Universe.

Nasadiya suktam talks about a  vyom (gaseous, plasmic universe, quark-gluon plasma??), which is neither bound nor unbound and which shines as Amba. It talks about a fission that happens in vyom and subsequent fusion that produces something from which the evolution of universe happens. It also says that the mind of this vyom, which is situated in its heart, continuously seeks higher intelligence and evolves.

Refer my blog on Nasadiya Suktam:

http://thebigthinkg.sulekha.com/blog/post/2008/12/nasadiya-suktam-before-the-bigbang.htm

Marichi of Universe

mukhAd vag, vaco agnir nasike nirabhidetam

nasikabhyam pranah, pranad vayuh

mukhAd – face’s

Vag – speech, expression

Vaco – expression

Agnir – fire

nAsike – nostrils

nirabhidetaM – uncover here

The expression of this face is fire, uncovered/hatched through its nostrils/holes.

Nasika – nostril, hole

apyA – feeds on/thrives/increases/grows on (It is currently pronounced as abhyA)

Pra – filling

Prana – filling one, a strong binding force of

Vayu – gas/ gas clouds

prANa means the filling one.  It is a strong binding force. In human body, prana is the filling and strong binding force of life.

Prana fills the plasmic quark or Ambha or vyom (as in Nasadiya) and binds the Ambha/plasmic quark strongly.

The nostrils (holes) grow on Prana, which is present in the plasmic quark/Ambha. That is the fire increases. Prana fills the Ambha and feeds the fire, thereby increasing the size of the hole(nostril)

If Ambha is plasmic quark, then Prana that strongly binds and fills the plasmic ambha is gluons or the strong force. It creates huge thermal energy (fire) in the process.

Thus fire keeps on increasing and hole size increases.

aksini nirabhideta, aksibhyam caksuh Caksusa aditya

akS –  to penetrate, pervade and pass through.

akSini is penetrating/passing through force.  

akSini – Eye (eye-lens, inner eye)

Nirabhideta – uncovers/hatches/crystallizes

High penetrating pervading force hatches. That is from this growing fire of plasmic quark/gluons, high penetrating, pervading force (cosmic gamma rays..?) come out.

aksi –  All pervading force

apyA – thrives/grows/increases  to

cakSu – visible force

This force (cosmic gamma rays) grows into a visible/perceptible force (Electro magnetic force).

Electro magnetic force is the force that binds protons (inner eye) to electrons (outer eye). Electromagnetic force operates through photons, which are a quanta of electro-magnetic force.

cakSusa – Visible force to

Aditya – the first matter particle

Aditya means the originating force. From visible/electromagnetic force the originating forces of this Universe start.

Adityas are the force that lays the foundation of the visible Universe. They are a set of 7 or 8 celestial forces often referred to in Rg Veda. Sun is often referred to as the Originating force (Aditya) of our Solar System.

Karnau nirabhidetam karnabhyam srotam srotad dishah

Karnau – piercing, boring force

Nirabhideta – uncovers

A piercing, boring force hatches/comes out of Amba.

Karna –  The piercing force

apyA – thrives/grows/increases  to

srotam – a flow or current

This piercing/boring force becomes a flow/current

srotad – that flow becomes

dishah – the directions, space

that flow/current fills all the directions and forms the space.

Such a force known today is Gravitational force, the force with unlimited range and the one that spreads in all directions and forms the space.

Summing up, from the burning, tormenting of Atma, which is plasmic in nature and filled with Prana (the binding force) a high penetrating force (cosmic gamma rays..?), visible force (Electro magnetic force), piercing/boring force (Gravitational force) appears and originating forces that lay the foundation of Universe appears.

Mara of Universe

tvaG nirabhideta tvaco lomani lomabhya osadhi-vanaspatayo

TvaG – a cover, a form

Nirabhideta – uncovers/hatches/crystallizes

tvAco – from that form

lomani –  strings appear

loma – strings

apya – thrives/grows/increases to

osadhi –

vanaspatayo – and shrub becomes a forest

As it heats up more and more, a layer or skin crystallizes on top. From that, several small strings appear. These strings increase as time goes by and becomes dense. The strings grow longer and thicker.

hrdayam nirabhideta hrdayan manah manasas candrama
hrdayam – physical core,

nirabhideta – uncovers, hatches, crystallizes

The dense strings coalesce around to form the heart of the matter (a Proton particle).

hrdayan – In the core

manah – thought, something hidden in the heart or core, activity hidden in the core

In that core a hidden particle (neutron) appears, as more strings coalesce around.

manasas – from this activity

candrama – a satellite appears

As the hidden neutrons appear, a satellite particle appears around that core

nabhir nirabhideta nabhya apano apanan mrtyuh

nAbh – opening, fissure, burst/torn into a hole

nabhir –  bursting open hole

nirabhideta – uncovers, hatches, crystallizes

A  hole/space is burnt between the satellite particle and the core particles (hrday/proton, manas/neutron)

nabhya – from this hole

apA – move away, drive away

apAno – a moving away, driving away force

A moving away force (apAna) appears from this hole and it holds the satellite force apart from the core force.

Prana is a binding force that was present in the plasmic quark, that filled the plasmic quark, bound it together and increased the thermal energy, while apAna is the opposite of it, which is a driving away, moving away force that originates in the space between the satellite particle and core and holds the satellite particle away from the core.

panan – from this moving away force

mrtyuh – decay, death occurs

From this moving away force, decay or death of particles starts (radioactivity).

It could also be stated as "In th interplay of the binding force (prana) (strong force in current terminology) present in the core  and the driving away force (apana, weak force in current terminology), decay and death starts".

Radioactive decay is seen as the origination of death and decay (mortal form).

Thus the mara form of matter is born.

Apah of Universe

ziznam nirabhideta ziznad reto retasa Apah

Ziznam – frigid, oung, rod like structure (male organ like)

Nirabhideta – hatches

Sisnad – from this structure

reto – stream or flow of life giving particles

retasa – from this stream or flow of life giving particles

Apah – medium of life, life

A frigid rod like structure hatches and from this structure a stream of life giving particles emerge and from it the basic medium of life evolves.

Detailed Summary of Khanda 1

In the Universe, the ‘Atma’ was the only one and existed alone. ‘Nothing else, not even the anti-particle of the ‘Atma’ or ‘essence’ existed at that time.

And it was seen creating the worlds by itself. In this way, the worlds got created. Ambha is the plasma that originated from Atma.

From the little lustrous plasma (called Ambha) came Marici, Maram and Apa. Marici literally means both shining speck of particle as well as field. Maram literally means mortal form of matter, that is susceptible to death. Apa is the medium of life or life itself. The plasma of Ambha exists beyond the heavens and is glowing.

Space is formed or filled by marici which is a duality of particle and field. Earth and earth like planets are formed by mortal (susceptible to death) form of matter

Beneath such planets the medium of life thrives and life comes up.

It was seen in this way the worlds and protector of the worlds were created. From the same essence/soul/plasma, purusha (protector of the worlds) was drawn out, lifted and solidified to protect the Universe. The purusha is the dark matter, as described in my article on Purusha Suktam.

Ambha of Universe

It (the plasmic Ambha) suffocated, choked, scorched, burnt and tormented with heavy turbulence.

From radiation of heat, scorching and burning a ‘face-like’ is uncovered in the manner of an egg (hatched, crystallized). This is the Amba part of evolution of Universe.

Marichi of Universe

The expression of this face is fire, uncovered/hatched through its nostrils/holes.

prANa means the filling one.  It is a strong binding force. In human body, prana is the filling and strong binding force of life. Prana fills the plasmic quark or Ambha or vyom (as in Nasadiya) and binds the Ambha/plasmic quark strongly (in modern terminology it is the gluons).

The nostrils (holes) grow on Prana, which is present in the plasmic quark/Ambha. That is the fire increases. Prana fills the Ambha and feeds the fire, thereby increasing the size of the hole(nostril)

If Ambha is plasmic quark, then Prana that strongly binds and fills the plasmic ambha is gluons or the strong force. It creates huge thermal energy (fire) in the process.

Thus fire keeps on increasing and hole size increases.

Marichi of Universe

High penetrating pervading force hatches. That is from this growing fire of plasmic quark/gluons, high penetrating, pervading force (gamma rays..?) come out. This force (gamma rays) grows into a visible/perceptible force (Electro magnetic force).

Electro magnetic force is the force that binds protons (inner eye) to electrons (outer eye). Electromagnetic force operates through photons, which are a quanta of electro-magnetic force.

Aditya means the originating force. From visible/electromagnetic force the originating forces of this Universe start.

Adityas are the force that lays the foundation of the visible Universe. They are a set of 7 or 8 celestial forces often referred to in Rg Veda. Sun is often referred to as the Originating force (Aditya) of our Solar System.

A piercing, boring force hatches/comes out of Amba. This piercing/boring force becomes a flow/current that flow/current fills all the directions and forms the space.

Such a force known today is Gravitational force, the force with unlimited range and the one that spreads in all directions and forms the space.

Summing up, from the burning, tormenting of Atma, which is plasmic in nature and filled with Prana (the binding force) a high penetrating force (Gamma rays..?), visible force (Electro magnetic force), piercing/boring force (Gravitational force) appears and originating forces that lay the foundation of Universe appears.

Mara of Universe

As it heats up more and more, a ayer or skin crystallizes on top. From that, several small strings appear. These strings increase as time goes by and becomes dense. The strings grow longer and thicker.

The dense strings coalesce around to form the heart of the matter (a Proton particle).

In that core a hidden particle (neutron) appears, as more strings coalesce around.

As the hidden neutrons appear, a satellite particle appears around that core A  hole/space is burnt between the satellite particle and the core particles (hrday/proton, manas/neutron)

A moving away force (apAna) appears from this hole and it holds the satellite force apart from the core force.

Prana is a binding force that was present in the plasmic quark, that filled the plasmic quark, bound it together and increased the thermal energy, while apAna is the opposite of it, which is a driving away, moving away force that originates in the space between the satellite particle and core and holds the satellite particle away from the core.

In the current terminology Prana is the Strong force and apAna is called the weak force.

From this moving away force, decay or death of particles starts (radioactivity).

It could also be stated as "In th interplay of the binding force (prana) (strong force in current terminology) present in the core  and the driving away force (apana, weak force in current terminology), decay and death starts".

Radioactive decay is seen as the origination of death and decay (mortal form).

Thus the mara (mortal) form of matter is born.

Apa of Universe

A frigid rod like structure hatches and from this structure a stream of life giving particles emerge and from it the basic medium of life evolves.

Concise Summary of Khanda 1

Aitareya Upanishad talks about the creation of forces, matter particles and biological lie from the primordial quark-gluon plasma. It talks about a plasmic quark that is bound by the strong force (called Prana), whose thermal energy increases due to the bonding of the strong force.  From this burning, scorching of plasmic quark, the forces created are high penetrating cosmic gamma rays, visible electro-magnetic force, gravitational force and Universe originating celestial forces called Adityas.  These are collectively called Marichi that form the space.

As the plasmic quark heats up and up, a layer crystallizes on top of it. Out of it, the first matter particles created are strings of quarks. They combine to form protons, neutrons, electrons, weak force (driving away force) and radioactive decay that causes death to the particles. Thus mortal (death happening) particles are born. These are called Mara that are of mortal form and form the stars and planets.

Gluons are strong binding force called prana and Apana is the driving away/moving away force also called weak force that holds the satellite electrons in their position and also cause radioactive decay.

Also life supporting particles flow out from a rod like structure and create a life supporting medium. These are called Apa and form the biological life.

Disclaimer

The explanations given here are mine and not traditional. Some of the interpretations could seem different, but they have been made based on real root meanings of the word.

As I intepret more and more of the Aitareya, I am sure the coherence in this kind of interpretation could be easily seen. Still, if it is right, could be debated.

Easwaro Rakshathu!
-TBT

More posts by this author:

Please follow and like us:

Co Authors :

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.