Mundaka Upanishad V & VI

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(Contd. from Part III & IV) …Mundaka Upanishad

Mundaka Upanishad V

In part I it was said that Brahman is omniscient. The universe is his creation. Life evolves from his will. 
In part II different forms of delusions were described. The path to realization is open to those who have examined the world carefully and concluded that there is nothing to be done by energetic commitment. They should seek instruction from an experienced teacher.

In part III it was said that the supreme Eternity known as Brahman is the origin of all the worlds.

In part IV it was said that Brahman is everything. Seers perceive him through discrimination. 
In this part a mantra is introduced to guide one to comprehend the Reality. 

  1. Two closely related birds of the same species are seated on the same tree. One of them is eating the fruit of the tree whilst the other looks on. 
     
    The bird that eats represents the human being enjoying the worldly pleasures while the other one is the Self that keeps aloof.  
  2. In a similar manner the individual without faith gets confused and grieves. On seeing the adored Self in his glory he gets liberated. 
  3. The seer gets enlightened on seeing Purusha, the golden hued creator. He is the womb for all creation. The Seer becomes free of taint. He attains complete equanimity and shakes off the existential constraints. 
  4. The Brahman is the breath that shines in all beings. The scholar gives up all arguments after realizing him. He is self-contented. He is the best among the pers. 
  5. The Self is understood by practicing objectivity (satya) and austerities, by knowledge of the Reality and by continuous continence. He is inside the body. He is brilliant and holy.  
  6. Reality prevails over delusions. The path of reality is known as the divine path. (Deva yana) The fulfilled Seers reach the supreme abode of Reality by this path. 
  7. It is great and self-effulgent. Its form is unimaginable. It shines as subtler than the subtle. It is far from the farthest and is close at hand. One sees it here in the cavity of the heart.  
  8. It cannot be seen by the eye; nor described by words. It is no reached through the senses nor by rituals. The pure and meditative one sees it through the grace of gnyana or knowledge. 
  9. This subtle Self is to be appreciated by comprehension.  His five-fold breath had entered all beings. He pervades the mind of all beings through breath. After extrication (‘purification’ from existential constraints) the Self reveals itself distinctly. 
  10. The man of purity attains whatever he wills. He reaches any world he longs for. Therefore one desirous of prosperity should adore the Self realized individual. 
     
    To sum up: Reality prevails over delusions. The path of reality is known as the divine path. (Deva yana) The fulfilled Seers reach the supreme abode of Reality by this path. 
    Skb. 

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