Nasadiya Suktam – Before the BigBang..


{xtypo_dropcap}A{/xtypo_dropcap}fter my work on Purusha Suktam, frankly I don't know what drove me to Nasadiya Suktam. In fact I had very remotely heard of it unlike Purusha suktam, Sri Suktam, Narayana Suktam et al. It suddenly landed up from nowhere and I started working on it.

Here are my previous blogs on this subject:

Suktam simply means recitations. Purusha Suktam is recitations about The Purusha. Nasadeeya Suktam derives its name from the fact that it starts with ‘Na Sada', which means ‘Not ever'. It is in a way Na Sada-eeya suktam. Everything in this universe is ‘Not ever', including the very Purusha Himself.

Purusha Suktam says the entire universe is excreted from one-quarter of Purusha who stood ten fingerbreadths long and goes on to describe the steps in which the Universe came from Purusha. It also talks about seven black holes that anchor the universe that are like aerial roots that are growing back towards purusha.

The meaning of Purusha is a bit in dispute. Some people say it is Pur-Isa, which became Purusha. If it is Pur-Isa it is about the One who fills up everything, everywhere. That raises the question from where this came, which fills up everywhere. Some people say it is Puro-usha, which means one who existed before dawn. That raises the question what existed before the dawn.

Nasadiya Suktam – Summary

Nasadiya suktam answers it in either case. It goes one step before Purusha suktam. It talks about from where Purusha, the one who fills up everything everywhere came and the big bang explosion that evolved all the natural forces.

The key point is ‘Not ever'. Nothing here is ‘ever'. Everything changes. Everything changes fast. That is the nature of this universe. There is nothing ‘ever' including the primordial purusha.

"Vyom formed by consuming all the fires that raged outside to come to a stable state. And Vyom shone like a blissful woman at that time and it was darkness everywhere else, as there was nothing outside vyom at that time.

The nature of Vyom was plasmic(not always bounded, not always unbounded).

From the word Vyom I interpret it as Vayu+Aum, which means gaseous universe.

Vyom does not have death nor does it have life for ever. It keeps changing ever. In that night, as darkness kept surging as vyom consumed every little thing outside it there came a time that nothing existed outside vyom. At that time, first appeared a penis-head at the bottom of vyom. Though its nature was monstrous in that it encapsulated so much of heat that can give birth to millions of galaxies and stars, it was trifle in its appearance.

That penis-head had a hole that connected to the womb of vyom where the Primal Egg was situated as the ‘real' mind of vyom. That mind of vyom strives to continuously seek the intelligence of evolution. The womb of vyom is the ‘virtual' heart of vyom. (Mind exists in the heart!)

The penis head got cut up and contents of top and bottom portions of vyom fused at the meeting point, producing a huge explosion with light and sound. This sound (I interpret) is the AOOM, as normally a BOOM sound is produced when explosion rips off something. But when there is nothing to rip off, AOOM sound is produced (it can be mimicked by saying BOOM with lips open).

The power of that explosion produced a huge unbounded fire which further exerted on and on and moved away.

We all know that from this unbounded fire all natural forces were produced. But who can proclaim with certain knowledge what sparked this unbounded fire..?

Based on the completely observable part of vyom, the one who emits this unbounded fire is only partly known or not known at all."

From the above description my inference is that the vyom with the penis head below looks like the conch of Vishnu. The Penis head alone may look like the Linga.

My inference also is that while vyom is the original outer form that appeared when everything outside was consumed, purusha is the inner form or content of vyom, which was produced when contents of upper and lower portions of vyom fused and exploded. We are all the manifestations of purusha. It is not known what vyom (the one who encapsulated and gave rise to purusha) is.

Nasadiya Suktam – In Detail

nAsadAsIn no sadAsIt tadAnIM nAsId rajo no vyomAparo yat
kimAvarIvaH kuha kasya sharmannambhaH kimAsId gahanaM gabhIram


Not always bonded, Not always unbounded, at that time, there was no unrestrained fiery activity moving beyond that gaseous universe. What makes this space that shines like a blissful woman/mother..? What restrains/controls this deep abyss..?

Key to note here is Vyom. Vyom, I have interpreted as gaseous universe. (Vayu + Aum). It is the combination of Vayu and Aum. Aum is Universe and Vayu is gas. Another point is the nature of this Vyom. It was not always bonded (solid). It was not always unbounded (liquid). It was probably plasmic.
So vyom could be defined as Plasmic Universal seed.

And there was no fire beyond this Vyom, which means everywhere else was darkness.

This plasmic vyom shines like a blissful woman/mother indicates beautifully that it was red hot (contended) but not burning. And then it was so deep that we wonder how it is really controlled.

Na – not, sadA – ever, sin – tie, bond, fetter (chained), no – not, sadA – ever, asita – unbound, tadanIm – at that time, then, na Asid – not imprisoned (not controlled), not restrained, rajo – fiery, active, no – not, vyoma – gas cloud, gas bag, paro – other side / outside / beyond, off, away, yat – moving, going, KimaVariv – What makes room (creates this space), Kuha – where, Kasya – to go, to shine, to beam, approach, to move, Zarman – shelter, protection, refuge, safety, joy, bliss, happiness, One who is at peace/bliss/rest, graceful, Pride, ambah – mother, woman


na mRtyurAsIdamRtaM na tarhi na rAtryA ahna AsItpraketaH
AnIdavAtaM svadhayA tadekaM tasmAddhAnyan na paraH kiM canAsa


Neither mortality controls it, nor immortality. And it does not have the appearance of one who dwells in darkness. (It shines like a blissful woman). That one fetched all the fires/heat till the end to conciliate (make peace) with itself. Hence there was nothing outside of this rich being whatsoever.


This vyom is not immortal because, it is soon going to give way to something else. This is not mortal because, it is never going to cease to exist. After several forms and shapes the vyom will appear again. How..?

It is dwelling in darkness now. But then has the appearance of a blissful mother and not the appearance of who dwells in darkness.

It is because this vyom arose out of fetching of fires/heat till the end (till any fires/heat lasted outside) and came to a steady state. It has risen out of consuming what it has given rise to. In other words everything in this universe went back into this vyoma. Hence it will keep appearing again and again.

At this time, after it has consumed everything outside, there was nothing outside it. And this vyom is at peace after having consumed everything that existed outside. And it is all darkness outside, while vyom shines like a blissful mother.

na – Not, mRtyur – death, Asid – control/restrain, amRtam – nectar /life, na – Not, tarhi – at that time, then, at that moment, in that case, na – not, rAtrya – at night, by night, darkness/stillness, ahna – instantly, fast, immediately, Asit – at rest, seated, abode, one who dwells, Praketa – appearance, sight, apparition, intelligent, knowledgeable, perception, Ani – to fetch, to lead, near, pour, mix, to carry, Davathu – fire, heat, pain, Aanidhavatam – not to cling on till exhaustion, Nidhavate – to rub into one's person, to press one's self on, cling to, Tam – till exhaustion, till end, Svadhaya – propitiate, conciliate, make peace, Tadekam – That one, tasmAd – therefore, on that account, from that, dhAnyan – richy one, na – not, parah – outside

tama AsIt tamasA gULamagre.apraketaM salilaM sarvamAidam
tuchyenAbhvapihitaM yadAsIt tapasastanmahinAjAyataikam


In that darkness dwelling night of the surging/unsteady universe, first appeared the glans penis (head of penis) (or head of a globular structure). That one was a trifle concealing its monstrous/immense nature which sat on (hid inside) heat that could throw off mighty birth of natural forces.


From the vyom which was shining appeared the head of penis like structure. If Vyoma is globular and penis like structure appeared below (why below in the next stanzar), it would look like the Conch in the hands of Vishnu. If only the head of penis like structure is considered, it would look like the Linga of Shiva, but then it is small.

This suktam says that though the penis head like structure was a trifle compared to its monstrous nature. It hid all the heat that is going to result in the birth of all Devas. Devas of fire, thunder, lightning, air, water and so many other natural forces. All such natural forces are regarded as Devas in our scriptures.

tama – night, Asit – dwells, tamasA – darkness, gULam – globular, pill like, penis, gudham- secret invisible, agre – first, in the beginning, praketam – appearance, salilam – flowing, surging, unsteady, sarvamidham – this universe, tucha – empty, trifle, 14th lunar day, ena – that one, abhva – monstruous, immense, apihitaM – put into, placed into, shut, covered, concealed, yad -who whichever whatever, Asit -seated, Tapas – heat, Astan – thrown off, left off, set aside, given up, Mahina – great, mighty, jAya – birth, bringing forth, taikam -of ganas


kAmastadagre samavartatAdhi manaso retaH prathamaM yadAsIt
sato bandhumasati niravindan hRdi pratISyAkavayo manISA


That lowly head offers at first a hole (an opening) to the womb(beginning) place, which looks like peaked mountain, where its mind is the principal egg which is seated real connecting to the virtual mountain-heart that seeks the intelligence of the evolutionary.

The penis head had appeared on the lower side. It offers an opening to womb place that is situated inside the peaking-mountain structure. And in that womb place the principal egg that evolves this universe is situated.

Typically, what is perceived outside is only the mind and not the heart of a being. Our logics perceive the mind of others and not their heart. Logically, mind is real and heart remains virtual. But heart is physically real and mind is physically virtual.

Similarly our logical understanding is that the principal egg resides in that heart of that mountain, as its mind that seeks the intelligence of the evolution.

kA – lowly, masta – head, da – giving, offering, agre – first, samavarta – uniform prime vertical circle (uniformly round urethra), ta – womb, Adhi – beginning, place, situation, Manaso – intellect, mind, retaH – egg, pratamam – foremost, first, chief, principal, excellent, yada – who, whichever, whatever, Asit – seated, sato – like, real, Bandhum – connection, bonding, asati – not real, Niravindan – of a mountain, mountaneous one, hRdi – heart, heartful, pratISyA – strive, seek, receive, accept, to regard, mind, attend to, obey, kavayo – fish that lives in land and water (the learned), manISA – thought reflection wisdom intelligence


tirashcIno vitato rashmireSAmadhaH
retodhAAsan mahimAna Asan svadhA avastAt prayatiH parastAt

The lower portion cut up with a horizontally spreading rays of light, producing an inarticulate sound, impregnating (fusing) that great one's mouth with the power attained from below, exerting that power further on.

The penis head that appeared for some reason got cut with light and sound (exploded) thus producing a huge amount of power at the mouth of this great one and exerting the power of that mouth further on.

When explosion occurs light and sound are produced and the exploding part is blown to pieces. The important thing is to notice the sound that is produced.

When explosives explode blowing off something around them, a ‘BOOM' sound is produced.

But in the explosion that occurred when nothing was there, there was nothing to break and it produced a ‘AOOM' sound. Try producing a ‘BOOM' sound when lips are open. Only ‘AOOM' will be produced.

The suktam says the lower part has not been blown to pieces. It exists. It just got cut up and probably the contents of the lower and upper parts fused at the joints and produced a great explosion, which moved horizontally with an AUM sound.

Combining this with purusha suktam, the three quarters of purusha still exists inside this Vyoma. Only one quarter of purusha expanded to form all this material universe and its beings. In the plasmic universe seed of Vyom, purusha is the material content that formed of the fusion of some materials inside.

The mind of this vyoma, the egg strives to achieve the higher intelligences of evolution. In that process, this explosion, evolutions of material universe and its beings happen.

According to Purusha Suktam, at some point of time they get burnt up like samith, loose their energy, become black-holes and move back into the vyoma. This process is like the inverted banyan tree with roots up and branches down, with aerial roots moving up.

And then the process described here in Nasadiya Suktam starts.

tiraschcIno – horizontal, transverse, across, vitato – spread out extended, razmi – string, cord, rein, bridle, ray of light, splendour, resham- howl or produce an inarticulate sound, adhas – lower portion, vidasi – cut up, retodhA – impregnating, fertilizing, Asan – mouth, entry, mahimAna – great one's, Asan – entry, mouth, Svadha – inherent power, nature of material universe, Avastat – before time, below (attained from below), Prayati – offering, gift, donation, intention, will effort, exertion, parastAt – futher away, beyond, further on


ko addhA veda ka iha pra vocat kuta AjAtA kuta iyaMvisRSTiH
arvAg devA asya visarjanenAthA ko veda yataAbabhUva


Who in this place with certain knowledge can proclaim from whom was born, from whom this discharge happened. All natural forces (Devas are gods of natural forces and hence represent natural forces) were born of this emptying is the current knowledge of this unbounded fire.

From the vyoma (gas cloud/gaseous universe that shone like a blissful woman) appeared a lowly head, which got cut up and the contents fused to explode to what the suktam calls as ‘Aba Bhuva', an unbounded fire, producing the sound ‘Aum' and light.

The entire universe came from this Aba Bhuva. This is also repeated in Gayatri. It is said "Aum bhu bhuva swa'. Aum (Aum represents creation of this Universe) came into being (bhu means comes into being) from fire (bhuva means fire) on its own (swa means on its own).

All natural forces came out of this fire. Why did they came out..? It is because the mind of this vyoma continuously strives to seek the intelligence of the evolution. Evolution of intelligence is sought by the mind of this vyoma and hence natural forces evolved.

The suktam says it is not certain knowledge to proclaim from whom this emission happened from which all natural forces appeared along with the unbounded fire.

ko – who else, of, addhA – in this way, manifestly, truly, veda – knowledge, ka – who, which, what, iha – here, in this place, pravocat – proclaim before, kuta – from whom, AjAta – born, Kuta – from whom, Iyam – this, this here, visRSTi – letting go, discharge, emission of semen, arvAg – hither (located on the near side), devA – god, asya – mouth, visarjanena – evacuation, evacuating one, atha – now, ko – oh no, veda – knowledge, yata – governed, controlled, Aba – unbounded, Bhuva – fire


iyaM visRSTiryata AbabhUva yadi vA dadhe yadi vA na
yo asyAdhyakSaH parame vyoman so aN^ga veda yadi vA naveda

The one who is emitting this unbounded fire is put in place or not by this observable complete vyom is part knowledge if not knowledge at all.

In the previous verse, the suktam raised a doubt stating who can say with complete knowledge from what this unbounded fire unfolded..? It stated something fused between the lower and upper parts. But what fused…? How the fire started was not known.

In this verse it says that if the observable vyom puts in place the one that emits this unbounded fire is only a part knowledge. It may not be even knowledge at all, meaning it could be even wrong. It is because what makes up this vyom is not known.

And probably vyom has not also been completely observed and known.

iyam – this here, visrstiryata – emitting one, AbaBhuva – unbounded fire, Yadi – as sure as, surely, if, whether, Va – either, Dade – put, sets, lays, put in a place, holds, Yadi – if, Va – or, Na – not, Yo – one who, Asya – of this, Adhyaksa – perceptible to the senses , observable ; exercising supervision, Parame – chief, primary, most distant, remotest, excellent, Vyoman – gas bag, gas clouds, So – bestowing, preserving, Anga – part, Veda – knowledge, Yadi -if Va -or, Na – not, Veda – knowledge


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