Purusha Suktam – New Revelations..

Introduction

I have been reading Purusha Suktham for some time trying to map what the sages were trying to say. In fact in the very first few readings itself, I differed in the explanations and commentaries that have been written on Purusha Suktham by many sages of the past and the repetition of those commentaries by the current Western and Indian Scholars.

Like Mandukya Upanishad (Aum) and Gayatri, I find Purusha Suktham highly scientific in nature. Instead of trying to assume a hidden meaning of words, I tried to find the meanings as it conveys plain using a variety of sources.

{xtypo_quote_right}The standing of the purusha (can we call it an ellipsoidal egg) which underwent the Big Bang was restrained to ten finger breadths{/xtypo_quote_right}

In particular Sanskrit has undergone a lot of change, and it is important to understand the meaning of the word, not as it is used now, but when it was used in those times, which we can find out by understanding the usage of those words in the context and places in the text of those times.

And it makes a very high scientific sense. I understand that without the current knowledge level of science, it would have been difficult to understand the direct meanings of those verses, in those times.

As the knowledge of Sruti (Revealed ) as the Vedas are called (Revealed by whom..?) declined, the interpretation of them became difficult and various commentaries have come up at different times, trying to map it to the knowledge level at those times. It is simply like a nursery school student trying to map a complex relativity theory to his level of knowledge.

Hence the original knowledge, as Revealed to the Rishis has been lost. But the vedic system of strict disciplinary recitation and hereditary knowledge management have ensured that vedic verses are passed on almost un-affected (though this could be debated). The original verses and have thus been preserved for thousands of years effectively, as heard from the revelations.

Who Revealed these kind of information, is a big question. It needs to be researched further. But the content of these revelations are highly scientific and with the current level of scientific knowledge, can better be mapped in a scientific light. It also has the possibility of contributing to current scientific knowledge.

I am a novice, not a scholar, with only an idea that many of our text are not blabber of drunken sages, but highly noteworthy points that need to be understood better. Also I try to view (Yajna, Tapas etc) from the way our ancestors lived their life and their lifestyle and not the way in which we view them (totally unconnected to our life). I welcome all criticisms and debates on this.
{xtypo_quote_left}Like a female (who bears children) with seven holes, this Purusha bears its children with seven black holes. In other words these 7 black holes anchor this universe. That Yajna of this Purusha, which creates this universe has seven black holes (abyss, kRta) through which the Purusha burns its samith, giving energy to Universe.{/xtypo_quote_left}
Some force in me has been pushing me to intensely look at all these scriptures and does not allow me to rest in peace, though I am not in any way a SME on this. So more can be expected on this from me.

Here are my explanations of Aum and Gayatri.

  1. Aum – Model of Universe
  2. Gayatri – The Seed of Big Bang called Savitr
  3. Purusha Suktham – The Process of Big Bang

Purusha Suktham

sahasrashīrşhā puruşhaĥ sahasrākşhaĥ sahasrapāt

sa bhūmim vishvato vŗtvātyatişhţhaddashāngulam

The Purusha with exceedingly numerous head, eyes and feet excreted the entire universe including this earth from a circle restrained standing ten angulams (1 angulam = finger breadth, ten angulams = a cupped hand)

vRt – surround, encompass, to turn round, roll, move, pass, exist

vAt – wind

yati – restrained

tiSThad – standing

puruşha evedam sarvam yadbhūtam yachcha bhavyam

utāmŗtatva syeshāno yadann enātirohati

In the unique purusha present everywhere, food disappears totally without residue, hence it is amrt and immortal.

Ati – exceedingly too much totally

Tiro – disappear hide

Ena – this, that

Anna – food

Yad – whoever whatever whichever

Syeshano – residueless remainderless

Tatva- true principle

Amrt – nectar, immortal

Bhavyam – present

Yaccha – whatever

etāvānasya mahimāto jyāyānshcha pūruşhaĥ

pādosya vishvā bhūtāni tripādasyā mŗtam divi

Such a great and superior purushah is present/sensible in one quarter universe’s beings and is in three quarters insensibly blue.

tripād ūrdhva udaitpuruşhaĥ pādo syehābhavat punaĥ

Tato vişhvang vyakrāmat sāshanā nashane abhi

That three quarters is from the top of purushah; one quarter below comes into being as all pervading all that moves/goes and that metabolizes that does not metabolize

tasmād virāļajāyata virājo adhi pūruşhaĥ

sa jāto atyarichyata pashchād bhumim atho puraĥ

And this pre-eminent original purushah bought into existence successfully, an illustrious earth by removing much from the side of earth, (forming) like a castle surrounded by ditch on all sides (atmosphere)

Tasmad – therefore

Virad -to reign rule, illustrious, eminent, to master to shine

Jayata- successfully

Viraj – excellence pre-eminence

Adhi purushah – first purushah

Jato – Born, bought into existence

atya richyata – excessive, too much, to evacuate, leave, giveup, toseparate/remove from

Paschchad – side of

Bhumim – earth

Atho – now likewise therefore

Purah – like a fort /castle (earth surrounded by atmosphere)

yat puruşheņa havişhā devā yajňam atanvata

vasanto asyāsīd ājyam grīşhma idhmaĥ sharadhdaviĥ

With Purusha himself as the oblation, this divine sacrifice, expanded like, molten butter of spring, summer fire and fuel of winter.(expands in all directions)

Havisha – oblation

Deva yajnam -divine sacrifice

Atanvat – to extend, stretch, penetrate, one who wanders, wanderer

Vasanto – spring

Asyasid – mouth, mouth action = sounding out or gobbling up

Ajyam – butter

Grishma – summer, summer heat, fire

Idhmah – fire

Sharadh – autumn – august to November, for years

avih-fuel

tam yajňam barhişhi praukşhan puruşham jātamagrataĥ

tena devā ayajanta sādhyā ŗşhayashcha ye

In that sacrificial bed of purusha, series of births took place in a manner the divine sacrificer accomplishes the heavenly bodies (semi-divine) like Rishis and Yakshas.

Barhisi – bed of kosa grass

Praukshan – sprinkled, laid

Jata – born bought into existence

Gra – swallowing much, agni, seize hold of, grasp

Tena – in that direction, there, in that manner

Deva – divine

Ayaj – receive or procured

Anta – end

Sadya – accomplish

tasmād yajňāt sarvahutaĥ sambhŗtam pŗşhadājyam

pashūn tānshchakre vāyavyān āraņyān grāmyāshcha ye

When all offerings are complete in the Yajna, the resultant ‘prashad’ are the herd of trigons of the zodiac circles, clouds of gas and the distant wilderness community of heavenly bodies.

Tasmad – therefore

Sarva – all

Hutah – offered in fire

Samrutha – complete, increase/grow

Prshadajyam – remnants of the sacrifice

tazLi – aerial trigon

Taz Cakre – zodiacs, cycles of seasons, astronomical circle, cycle ; aerial trigon

Vayavyan – winds, gas clouds, atmosphere, swati nakshtra, northwest

Aranyan – distant lands, wilderness

Grama – community, mob, flock

Yakshaye – heavenly bodies

tasmād yajňāt sarvahuta ŗchaĥ sāmāni jajňire

chhandāmsi jajňire tasmād yajus tasmād ajāyata

From that yajna (in which) everything of Rg and Sama got burnt (offered) (Rg and Sama talk about different cosmic forces. Rg is poetic, Sama is in song form), Cosmic forces (chandamsi refers to the subject of the chandas) of Rg and Sama germinated.

From that Creative force (yajus refers to the subject of Yajur, which talks about creative procedures for Yajna and in general Creation) germinated. From that the governance of this creation (prakriti, illusion or maya) germinates.

Tasmad -therefore, from that

Yajna – sacrifice

Sarva – all

Hutah – offered in fire

Rcah – of a king, praise, sacred verse

Samani – same measure, hymns of praise

Jajnire – germinating, shooting

Chandamsi – incantation hymns

Yajus – worship

ajA – illusion, maya, prakriti, life (Creative force)

yata – governed, controlled

tasmād ashvā ajāyanta ye ke cho bhayādataĥ

gāvo ha jajňire tasmāt tasmājjātā ajāvayaĥ

From that, cutting off fearful cosmic cow, Sun (seven horses of the Sun denoting 7 known planets and bodies) to the Star Purva Bhadrapad (Aja)(25th lunar mansion) till Star Purva Phalguni (11th lunar mansion)germinate.

From that throwing up germinate the Star Magah, (tenth lunar mansion) and the descendants of Purva Bhadrapada.

Ajja- tenth lunar mansion,

Aya – eleventh lunar mansion,

anta – end

Ajjata – Magah, the tenth lunar mansion

AjAvayah- branches of purva bhadrapada

Yatpuruşham vyadadhuĥ katidhā vyakalpayan

mukham kimasya kau bāhū kā ūrū pādā uchyate

In this stirring of this open wide purusha (stirring as in stirring curd for butter) how many pieces are possible, what is its face, which are its arms, what is said to be its large feet?

Vyadha – open wide

Duh – stir

Katidha – how many

Uru – excessive, large

pAdA – feet

Uchyate – is said to be

brāhmaņosya mukhamāsīd bāhū rājanyaĥ kŗtaĥ

ūrū tadasya yad vaishyaĥ padbhyām shūdro ajāyata

Face of this is ever-growing (Brahman, expanding or evolving). Arms are made by Agni/Fire. Large is the foot on which we depend. Continuously changing (is) the governance (nature) of this Creation.

Brahman – growing, evolution

Asya – of this

Mukham asid – face contains

Rajanya – agni, fire

kRtah – made ready, prepared

uru – excessive, large

tad asya – at that time, of this

yad – whichever, whatever, who that

vaishyah – vassalage, dependence, third caste, man of soil

padbhyam- footing

shu dro – (zu dra, dra- to run hither-thither, make haste zav – change/alter, to go fast, to run in haste, to change/alter in haste)

ajA – prakrti, maya

yata – control, governance

chandramā manaso jātash chakşhoĥ sūryo ajāyata

mukhād indrashchāgnishcha prāņād vāyūr ajāyata

Brilliantly shining mind like moon’s light, born with eyes as sun (and sun like stars) is the nature of this Creation.

Expressing itself (face denotes expression) as indra (thunder) and agni (fire), breathing life through the atmosphere is the nature of this Creation.

nābhyā āsīd antarikşham shīrşhņo dyauĥ samavartata

padbhyām bhūmir dishaĥ shrotrāttathā lokān akalpayan

Space is navel, heavenly bodies (galaxies and constellations) head, feet the land, directions give ears, manifests in the form of worlds.

nAbhya – sprung from the navel

Asid – to imprison

Antariksham – middle space

Shrishno – head

Dyau – heavenly bodies in particular stars and planets

Samavartata – approaches, to return,

Padbhyam – foot

Bhumir – earth

Dishah – directions

Shrotra – ears

Tada – gives

Lokan – worlds

Akalpayan – uncontrolled

saptāsyāsan paridhayastriĥ sapta samidhaĥ kŗtāĥ

devā yadyajňam tanvānā abadhnun puruşham pashum

Like a female (one who bears children) with seven holes, this yajna has seven black holes, which are the fuel/fire (samitha) for this yajna, which keeps spinning out fast (with) unbound purusha as the sacrifice.

Our universe is anchored by seven black holes like a woman with seven holes and is fed energy from purusha through these black holes. The universe is spinning out fast (expanding), unbound.

[Together with the tree quarters of purusha on top and expanding universe at the bottom it looks like an inverted banyan tree with seven black holes looking like the aerial roots of the inverted banyan tree]

saptAsya – 7 openings

Asan – mouth

paridhAya – receptacle for water, train, retinue, hinder parts

stri – female, bearing children

sapta – 7

samidhah – fuel, wood, fire

krtah – abyss, black-holes

tan – to stretch, extend, spin out, spread

Vana – rolling water, high tide, moving, going, rolling

Abadhun – unrestrained, unbound

Pashum – sacrificial animal

yajňena yajňamayajanta devās tānidharmāņi prathamānyāsan

te ha nākam mahimānaĥ sachanta yatra pūrve sādhyāĥ santi devāĥ

When chief of all yajnams is carried out, the divine places dharma (order, natural laws) as the prime writing (rule) so that this painless greatness is followed (honored, worshipped) wherever earlier divine peace establishes. (Divine peace is established through following of Dharma (the rules/natural laws inscribed)).

Yajnena Yajnam – mother of all Yajnam

Ayajanta – received offerings in the end

Deva – divine

Stani dharmani – order was placed firmly

Prathama – prime

Nyasan – putdown, writing it down

nAka – painless

mahimAna – greatness

sachanta – to be followed, honored, served, worshipped

yatra – wherever

purve – east before earlier

sAdhyAh – accomplish

santi – peace

deva – divine

Summary of Purusha Suktam

The Purusha with exceedingly numerous head, eyes and feet excreted the entire universe including this earth from a circle restrained to a standing of ten angulams (one cupped handful) (1 angulam = finger breadth, ten angulams = a cupped hand)

In the unique purusha present everywhere, food disappears totally without residue, hence it is amrt and immortal.

Such a great and superior purushah is present/sensible in one quarter universe’s beings and is in three quarters insensibly blue.

That three quarters is from the top of purushah; one quarter below comes into being as all pervading all that moves/goes and that metabolizes that does not metabolize

And this pre-eminent original purushah bought into existence successfully, an illustrious earth by removing much from the side of earth, (forming) like a castle surrounded by ditch on all sides (atmosphere)

With Purusha himself as the oblation, this divine sacrifice, expanded like, molten butter of spring, summer fire and fuel of winter.(expands in all directions)

In that sacrificial bed of purusha, series of births took place in a manner the divine sacrificer accomplishes the heavenly bodies (semi-divine) like Rishis and Yakshas.

When all offerings are complete in the Yajna, the resultant ‘prashad’ are the herd of trigons of the zodiac circles, clouds of gas and the distant wilderness community of heavenly bodies.

From that yajna (in which) everything of Rg and Sama got burnt (offered) (Rg and Sama talk about different cosmic forces. Rg is poetic, Sama is in song form), Cosmic forces (chandamsi refers to the subject of the chandas(vedic hymns) of Rg and Sama, (which are about cosmic forces) germinate.

From that Creation (yajus refers to the subject of Yajur, which talks about creative procedures for yajna and in general creation) germinated. From that the governance of this creation (prakriti, illusion or maya) germinates.

From that, cutting off fearful cosmic cow, Sun (seven horses of the Sun denoting 7 known planets and bodies) to the Star Purva Bhadrapad (Aja)(25th lunar mansion till Star Purva Phalguni (11th lunar mansion)germinate.

From that throwing up germinate the Star Magah, (tenth lunar mansion) and the descendants of Purva Bhadrapada.

In this stirring of this open wide purusha (stirring as in stirring curd for butter) how many pieces are possible, what is its face, which are its arms, what is said to be its large feet?

Face of this is ever-growing (Brahman, expanding or evolving). Arms are made by Agni/Fire. Large is the foot on which we depend. Continuously changing (is) the governance (nature) of this Creation (prakriti)

Brilliantly shining mind like moon’s light, born with eyes as sun (and sun like stars) is the nature of this Creation (prakrti).

Expressing itself (face denotes expression) as indra (thunder) and agni (fire), breathing life through the atmosphere is the nature of this Creation (prakrti).

Space is navel, heavenly bodies (galaxies and constellations) head, feet the land, directions give ears, manifests in the form of worlds.

Like a female (one who bears children) with seven holes, this yajna has seven black-holes, which are the fuel/fire (samitha) for this yajna, which spins out fast (with) unbound purusha as the sacrifice.

According to this either our universe or our galaxy is anchored by seven black holes like a woman with seven holes and is fed energy from purusha through these black holes. The universe is spinning fast, unbound.

When chief of all yajnams is carried out, the divine places dharma (order, natural laws) as the prime writing (rule) so that this painless greatness is followed (honored, worshipped) wherever earlier divine peace establishes. (Divine peace is established through following of Dharma (the rules/natural laws inscribed)).

Salient revelations in Purusha Suktam

  1. The standing of the purusha (can we call it an ellipsoidal egg) which underwent the Big Bang was restrained to ten finger breadths
  2. The type of food which disappears without residue could be called amrt.
  3. The three quarters of purusha which are on the top portion are insensible. The bottom part of purusha, which is one quarter of the purusha, underwent the Big Bang (Yajna) creating this universe. This means that the expanding universe with three quarters of purusha on top looks like an inverted banyan tree.
  4. Seven black holes extend from this Universe to Purusha through which Purusha provides the energy (Samidh) to Universe. These seven black holes look like aerial roots of the inverted Banyan Tree.
  5. 25% of mass of purusha is what is present in detectable universe.75% of mass of purusha (top three quarters) is undetectable and is called ‘insensibly blue’. Universe is an Yajna of the Purusha.
  6. The Yajna of this purusha, the Universe is spinning out fast, expanding in all directions.
  7. Rishis, Yaksha all denote different heavenly bodies like Stars, Satellites. Sun’s seven horse are the seven heavenly bodies moving around the sun.
  8. If we model this detectable part of Purusha (Universe) as a living being then Space is the Navel of this Purusha; Galaxies are its head, Suns/Stars its eyes, light is its mind, breath is gas clouds, feet are its planets, thunder and fire are the ways it expresses itself.
  9. Like a female (who bears children) with seven holes, this Purusha bears its children with seven black holes. In other words these 7 black holes anchor this universe. That Yajna of this Purusha, which creates this universe has seven black holes (abyss, kRta) through which the Purusha burns its samith, giving energy to Universe.
  10. Divine establishes itself as dharma (set of natural laws), as the prime rules/laws of this Universe. Wherever divine peace is established, it is followed.
  11. Purusha is the matter, a passive spirit or the Samidh, Sacrifical bed and everything of Yajna. Prakriti is the creative force that germinates from this Yajna. Dharma is a manifested form of this Purusha that controls this evolution.

-TBT

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