When events in the evolution of Universe and matter/energy forms of the early Universe are visualized as human beings, we end up in bizzare descriptions.
The mythical characters in Puranas, when visualized as human beings, give rise to strange phenomena. We have people being sneezed out from nose, arising from perspiration, born from hands etc. We have characters whose father and mother seems to change with every purANa. We have situations of incest, group-sex etc.
This visualization also gives rise to perception of ‘sons’, ‘daughters’, ‘Kings’, ‘courtiers’, ‘dancing damsels’, ‘musicians’ , ‘singers’ etc etc and stranger relationships between these. Subsequently this lead to variety of ideologies and philosophies as people struggle to reconcile the puranas with vedas and upanishads.
See them as events, energies and matter forms in the early Universe. Then all the conundrums disappear.
I believe we lost a lot of vedic scriptures over time. PuraNas fill the ‘gap’ in these vedic scriptures and help us understand the events behind their description.
Rsis of the Vedas are not human beings. But they are symmetry breaking events that originated everything in the Universe (4).
The Rsi’s till now
How the Universe expanded in Cosmic Inflation epoch and came into existence is explained here (1).
In the ‘expanded space’ (Brahma) rudras (force-fields) manifest one by one. The force-fields are different ways in which energy is distributed with different properties. There are eleven force-fields and they are explained here (2).
‘maruts’ are ‘quanta’ of energy in different force-fields.There are 49 puStis (Fermions) and 14 Tustis (Bosons) making it totally 63 maruts (3).
Rsis are symmetry breaking events that originate everything in the Universe (4).
Marici is the Higgs field acquiring Vacuum Expectation Value. Kashyapa is the Electroweak symmetry breaking event. Bhrgu is quantum tunneling. Angiras is the appearance of massless quark condensates due to gluons. Kavi is the formation of neutral atoms (4).
Rsi Pulastya is excitation of Virtual and Real ‘mesons’ which are composite bosons. The excitation of virtual mesons is Agastya (potted in nucleus). The excitation of real mesons is Vizravas,which is streamed forth. These can be Charged Scalar, neutral Scalar, Charged Vector, neutral vector bosons which are the Gandharvas, YakSas, RakSas and Pisacas respectively. The glue-ball is the Kuvera and apsaras are the electromagnetic field between particles (5).
Rsi Vasistha is exchange of virtual gluons. Rsi Visva-mitra is the exchange of virtual photons. Rsi Agasthya is the exchange of virtual mesons (11).
Rsi Atri is the neutrino decoupling process (10) (6). SvarabhAnu is the three way oscillating neutrino that gets decoupled, due to which oscillation of protons to neutrons get stopped, a fixed proton-neutron ratio emerges, which then determines the evolution of atomic nucleus and all the matter as we see it today (7).
Chandra-atri are predominance of strong interaction. Datta-atri is the benevolence of weak interaction. Durvasa are excited energy states of particles. Since these follow Atri, the neutrino decoupling, these are visualized as ‘son’s of Atri.
Rishi Kratu are the quantum tunneling interactions of massive particles that become the ‘intelligence’. bAla-khilyas are such interactions during nucleo-synthesis process. Rishi Pulaha is the addition of kinetic and potential energy to matter.
The entire Universe’s matter and beings are the children of Kashyapa. Aditi is the Creative energy. Aditya are the energies around the matter and functions.
The sons and daughters of Adityas
Eight Adityas are mentioned in Rg veda. They are described as energy that create the matter forms (12). There are twelve Adityas in total according to Srimad Bhagavatam.
Srimad Bhagavatam describes the eight Adityas in more detail from 6.18.1 to 6.18.8. Srimad Bhagavatam describes the sons and daughters of eight Adityas as SavitR, bhaga, dhatR, vidhAta, VaruNa, mitrA, Indra and uru-krama from 6.18.1 to 6.18.8. These Adityas, which are the energy around the ‘bodies’ or ‘matter forms’ establish the Universal matter forms.
pṛśnis tu patnī savituḥ
sāvitrīṁ vyāhṛtiṁ trayīm
agnihotraṁ paśuṁ somaṁ
Suka said “The patni of SavitR, the prSni, the daughter of savitR, the sAVitri (which is) the three vyAhrti, Pazu, Soma being the oblations to Agni, the four-monthed greatly restless/active/sacrifice”
savitR – The energy around atomic nucleus
savitR is the energy around complex atomic nucleus. It evolves in four steps or four sacrifices that run one after another like the cAturmAsya vrata.
cAturmAsya – The 4 vratas that come one after another
cAturmAsya are 4 sacrifices or vows that run one month after another for four months. Vishnu (mass) sleeps in this period of 4 months and the sacrifice in these months belongs to Shiva (energy).
Likewise, four sacrifices or vratas come one another in the sacrifice of ‘agnihotra’ in which visible matter (pazu) and strong interaction (soma) are sacrificed and complex nucleus gets built. In this process of nucleosynthesis building up complex atomic nucleus, the mass due to Higgs (vishnu) is very little and vishnu is said to sleep.
The four that come one after another in this agnihotra are prSNi and the three vyAhrti. prSNI are the quantized shells of energy that exist inside nucleus. The three vyAhrtis are sva, bhu and bhuva.
prSNi – The quantized shells in nucleus
Pati means ‘one who possesses’. It is the ‘sthula’ form. Patni is the associated characteristic/property of the pati. It is the ‘sukshma’ form. Hence if pati is husband, patni is wife. The characterists of Savitr, the atomic nucleus is being quantized, exisitng in different energy levels/nuclear shells and hence is prSNi.
savitR is the atomic nucleus(12). prSNi,as patni of savitR, is the quantized levels (3) that exist inside atomic nucleus (its different nuclear shells). As the atomic nucleus becomes more complex, it is quantized into different shells and these nuclear shells grow one after another to support larger and larger atomic nuclei.
sAvitri – The daughters of savitR
sAvitri means female descendant/daughter of savitR. The three vyAhrtis are the daughter of savitR, the atomic nucleus. The three vyAhrtis are Bhu, Bhuvah and svA are the three daughters of savitR, the atomic nucleus. How..?
Bhu – Matter that holds the energy in nucleus
Bhu means becoming or arising or manifesting. Bhu are the mass through Higgs (matter) that arises or manifests. The massive quarks holds some part of energy in the nucleus. Hence Bhu is a daughter of savitR. Bhu is also mentioned as a form of Vishnu as it indicates the matter with mass.
Bhuva – Energy that manifests in nucleus
‘bhuva’ is that lives or exists or abides on top of ‘bhu’. It is the energy that exists /lives /abides in nucleus on top of matter forms of nucleus. Hence bhuva is a daughter of savitR. Bhuva is also mentioned as a form of ‘Rudra’.
svar – Energy/light that is emitted in nucleosynthesis
Svar means ‘light’ that is produced when complex atomic nuclei (savitR) form in nucleosynthesis process. Stars undergo this nucleosynthesis and produce this light, which fills the interstellar space. Hence Svar is also used to denote the interstellar space or more precisely the light in the space.
This property of emission of light/energy (photons) during formation of atomic nucleus is called a daughter of savitR.
cAturmAsya of SavitR
The quantization of energy in nucleus is followed by matter that holds the energy in nucleus, binding energy of the nucleus and light emitted from nucleus during nucleosynthesis. Like the cAtur mAsya vrata, these four evolve one after another around savitR, the energy around atomic nucleus.
siddhir bhagasya bhāryāṅga
mahimānaṁ vibhuṁ prabhum
āśiṣaṁ ca varārohāṁ
kanyāṁ prāsūta suvratām
Siddhi, bhArya of bhaga, brought forth virtuous mahima, vibhu, prabhu and elegantly riding/mounted azi.
The large-sized, far-extended abundant matter
bhArya is that which is ‘borne’ or ‘supported. bhaga ‘bears’ or ‘supports’ siddhi. Siddhi means accomplishment or establishment or achievements.
bhaga establishes mahima, vibhu, prabhu and also invokes an elegantly riding Azi. mahima is large-sized. vibhu means far-extending. prabhu means abundant, in large numbers, wealthy etc. Azi is the ‘desire’.
bhaga the atoms, elements, compounds etc, bears/supports establishment of large-sized, far-extending/wide-reaching, abundant/large number of ‘desiring’ matter forms in the Universe.
Sloka 6.18.3 and 4
dhātuḥ kuhūḥ sinīvālī
rākā cānumatis tathā
sāyaṁ darśam atha prātaḥ
agnīn purīṣyān ādhatta
yasyāṁ jāto bhṛguḥ punaḥ
dhAtu (wife of dhAtR) were kuhu, sinivali, rAka and anumati. sAyam, darzam, prAtah, purnamasam in that order. The one that immediately follows begets agnin puriSya through kriya. Varuna’s carsani manifests, from whom was born bhrgu again.
dhAtr – Energy around the hadrons
Kuhu and sinivali are the properties of explicit chiral symmetry breaking (4). raka and anumati are the properties of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking (4). They are depicted as daughters of Angirasa (4), wife of dhAtr.
dhAtr are the hadrons marry the daughters of ‘Angirasa’ in the sense they acquire these properties of spontaneous and chiral symmetry breaking.
The spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking (raka and anumati) in which quark condensates form losing their handedness on rotation leads to ‘sAyam darzam’. sAyam darzam means sight of letting go free. sAya means unyoking or unloosing or letting go free. The quarks are unyoked and they get hadronized. Since the Sun unyokes in the dusk, that time-period is called sAyam or evening.
The explicit chiral symmetry breaking (kuhu and sinivali) in which quarks acquire mass to due higgs interaction and hence gain a new handedness everytime the quarks interact with higgs field leads to ‘prAta purnamasa’. prAta purnamasa means early morning full moon.
The hadronization and hadrons start a new dawn the universe. These are the prAta purnamasa or the early morning/first full moon. As the QCD binding energy/strong interaction (Soma) of hadrons reflect most of the light in the Universe and hence Soma is called Chandra for that reason. The hadrons thus become the early morning/first full moons that appear in the Universe.
vidhAtR – The energy around charged hadrons
/The next in line (samanantara), the VidhAtr, produces the puriSyas through Kriya (12).
varuNa – The QCD vacuum
Varuna’s carsAni manifests, from whom bhrgu was born again. carsAni are quantum fluctuations of varunA, the QCD vacuum, which manifests as Bhrgu, the quantum tunneling (4).
vālmīkiś ca mahā-yogī
valmīkād abhavat kila
agastyaś ca vasiṣṭhaś ca
And the mahA-yogi vAlmiki, indeed took birth from valmika. Agastya and Vasistha from the Mitra-VaruNa.
vAlmiki – The creation of Up quarks
The mahA-yogi vAlmiki, took birth from valmika (of varuNa). valmika is translated as ant-hill. But then the valmika referred here is that of varuNa.
valmika is a ‘swelling’ that is thrown up from the below the ground/surface. The ants (valmi) from below the ground throw up a swelling over the ground and build their ant-hill. Hence any swelling in the body at neck or legs is called valmika. vAlmiki is the one derived from/descendant of or that results from valmika.
varuNa is the QCD vacuum, the ground state in which non-vanishing condensates and quarks and gluons exist. vAlmiki is that which results from the ‘swelling’ thrown up from below the ocean of varuNa, the QCD vacuum.
The ‘swelling’ that is thrown up above the surface from QCD vacuum are the Quarks. This swelling of Quarks from QCD vacuum is called vAlmiki. In particular it is the ‘swelling’ of the ‘lightest’ of quarks (Up Quarks).
Will describe later, why vAlmiki is the swelling of Up Quarks in specific.
Vasistha and agastya are born to Mitra-varuNa (11).
retaḥ siṣicatuḥ kumbhe
urvaśyāḥ sannidhau drutam
revatyāṁ mitra utsargam
ariṣṭaṁ pippalaṁ vyadhāt
The kumbha moistened with flowing reta (of Mitra-Varuna) in the presence of Urvasi. Mitra through revati created/established utsarga, aristam and pippalam
The sons of Mitra-Varuna
Agastya and Vasistha were born from semen that spilled from Mitra and Varuna on seeing Urvasi (11).
Revati is the quantum fluctuation crossing a threshold. Hence Revati is translated as ‘shining’.
Mitra – Pair production
Mitra (Pair-production) establishes utsarga arista pippalam through Revati (fluctuations that cross a threshold). Utsarga means emission or excretion (of Quark-antiquark pairs) from the QCD vacuum (varuNa). That is Quark-antiquark pairs are emitted/excreted out of QCD vacuum when the fluctuation crosses a threshold.
‘riSTa’ means broken, the mother of apsaras, the electromagnetic radiation. ‘riSTa’ are those that are broken and radiate energy in electromagnetic spectrum. ariSTA are those that are unbroken or not radiating energy.
The particle-pairs emitted or excreted out of QCD vacuum are unbroken (ariSTa) in the sense they don’t emit/radiate energy.
‘pi’ indicates swelling, overflowing, growth etc. Pala means flesh or meat or straw. ‘pippala’ is overflowing flesh or meat or straw that covers.
‘pippala’ is used to refer to fig tree that flowers all through the year, whose fleshy fruit covers the flower, thus becoming the rich source of food for host of other animal species.
The particle-pairs emitted or excreted out of QCD vacuum are pippalam in the sense these pairs form the flesh of particles and overflow abundantly on QCD vacuum.
paulomyām indra ādhatta
trīn putrān iti naḥ śrutam
jayantam ṛṣabhaṁ tāta
tṛtīyaṁ mīḍhuṣaṁ prabhuḥ
Through paulomi Indra begot three sons, we hear, Jayantham, Rsabham and midhuSam.
The sons of Indra
Indra is the energy in the Proton with three valence quarks (12).
The three valence quarks are the ‘tri-siras’ that Indra (energy creating the proton) slays in purAnas to create the Proton that becomes immortal. Indra does this by drinking Soma (the strong interaction) and binding the quarks. That’s why Tri-siras is equated to Indra in purANas. Tri-siras is the Indra-Satru. Hence Srimad Bhagavatam lists ‘zatru’ (the valence quarks) as Aditya. Zatru is the Indra.
vRtra is a ‘nAga’ the electromagnetic force between proton and electron. If vRtra falls on Indra, then Indra would collapse. But Indra uses vajra to slay this attractive force into pieces, becoming the ‘one deva’ around which the Universe evolves.
Puloma is a dAnava, a lepton or electron. Paulomi is the energy in interaction between nucleus and electron. This paulomi leads to three sons.
Jayantam is the Atomic binding energy of the electromagnetic field mediated by photons..
Rsabham is the Ionization energy to free up the electron in the outermost shell
midhuSam is the Bond energy in the disassociation of chemical bonds.
kīrtau patnyāṁ bṛhacchlokas
The vAmana rupa mAya of the urukrama of the deva, through patni kirti in which is seated the brhacchloka of saubhAga and rest
mAya – The perception of ‘mass’
The mass of massive particles (which is a perception and called mAyA) range from minutest in neutrinos (vAmana) to largest in the Top Quarks (uru-krama).
mAya is illusion. Energy is real. mass is an illusion about energy. Ultimately this Universe originates and dissolves into energy. ‘Mass’ is the perception when energy is impeded by higgs field. Thus the property of mass (vishnu) is called ‘mAyA’.
In Vedantic literatures, this ‘mAya’, the perception of mass became the ‘illusion’ that covers the reality, as these principles got applied to human society and thus originated ‘mAya-vaad’,
From vAmana to Uru-krama
Uru-krama is ‘large-stepped’. It refers to the most massive particles. There are three generations of mass of massive particles across quarks, electrons and neutrinos. This is the tri-vikrama.
kirti is the property of expression and expansion. The larger worlds (brhacc loka) made of saubhaga and the rest are seated on the expression/expansion of uru-krama to vAmana.
bhaga to saubhAgya
bhaga are the energy in the neutral atoms and matter forms made of atoms. Saubhaga are the descendants of the matter form made of atoms, the biological beings like human beings.
The expansion of matter forms creates the larger worlds on which saubhaga and rest are situated. From this comes saubhAgya which means endowed with matter (wealth).
More posts by this author:
- Rsis of the Vedas – Part 8
- Rsis of the Vedas – Part 3
- Rsis of Vedas – Part 4
- Rsis of the Vedas – Part 6
- Rsis of the Vedas – Part 2