How the Universe expanded in Cosmic Inflation epoch and came into existence is explained here (1). The inflation potential (dakSa) interacting with force-fields (panchajani) creates the particles. The kinetic energy of the particles of Universe, brings Universe to existence is called ‘Sati’.
In the ‘expanded space’ (Brahma) rudras (force-fields) manifest one by one. The force-fields are different ways in which energy is distributed with different properties. There are eleven force-fields and they are explained here (2).
‘maruts’ are ‘quanta’ of energy in different force-fields.There are 49 puStis (Fermions) and 14 Tustis (Bosons) making it totally 63 maruts (3).
All the Universe is originated by Rsis. Rsi is said to be derived from drSi which means to see. Rsi is interpreted as one who ‘sees’ or ‘observes’. Actually Rsi means one who makes it ‘visible’. Rishi makes it ‘visible’ to others. More than ‘See-ers’ themselves, Rishis are those who make it ‘visible’ to others (4).
What makes something visible..? It is the breaking of Symmetry. In a human society, those who break the existing symmetries, make new things visible, evolve the society in a new direction are called the Rsi (4).
Various Rsis or symmetry breaking events originate everything in the Universe. Marici is the Higgs field acquiring Vacuum Expectation Value. Kashyapa is the Electroweak symmetry breaking event. Bhrgu is quantum tunneling. Angiras is the appearance of massless quark condensates due to gluons. Kavi is the formation of neutral atoms (4).
Rsi Pulastya is excitation of Virtual and Real ‘mesons’ which are composite bosons. The excitation of virtual mesons is Agastya (potted in nucleus). The excitation of real mesons is Vizravas,which is streamed forth. These can be Charged Scalar, neutral Scalar, Charged Vector, neutral vector bosons which are the Gandharvas, YakSas, RakSas and Pisacas respectively. The glue-ball is the Kuvera and apsaras are the electromagnetic field between particles (5).
Rsi Vasistha is exchange of virtual gluons. Rsi Visva-mitra is the exchange of virtual photons. Rsi Agasthya is the exchange of virtual mesons.
Now let’s talk about Rsi Atri.
SvarabhAnu – The three way oscillating neutrino
Svara-bhAnu are three way oscillating particles. Svara is three way oscillation. bhAnu are particles. svara-bhAnu are three way oscillating neutrinos. Neutrino oscillate continuously between three flavors or three mass types.
The three Svaras are udAtta (High), anudAtta (low) and Svarita (medium). Neutrinos oscillate between high, low and medium masses.
SvarabhAnu’s mAyA covers Indra
In the Hadron epoch, neutrinos keep interacting with protons and neutrons by weak interaction. This oscillates the protons to neutrons and neutrons to protons. This inhibits the formation of stable nucleons or even heavy or excited baryons, as the neutrinos keep interaction with baryons and mesons and oscillating them to other forms.
SvarabhAnu’s mAya (oscillations, magic) clouds Indra (proton, nucleus formation) totally. SvarabhAna, the neutrinos cover the protons (Indra) totally by their weak interaction (daityas).
Atri – The neutrino decoupling that kindles nucleons
Atri is the neutrino decoupling process (6). As the Universe spacetime expands and cools down, the rate of weak interactions become lower, the neutrinos stop interacting with protons. This decouples the neutrinos. Neutrinos leave and travel all over the space forming what is called Cosmic Neutrino Background.
The neutrino decoupling leads to lighter baryons, heavy baryons and excited states of baryons remaining in the Universe.
This de-coupling property is called ‘anasUya’. This is translated as not being spiteful. In other words remaining de-coupled and not having murmurs/oscillations is being ‘an-asUya’. Hence Atri is said to have married ‘an-asUya’.
Once neutrinos leave, the oscillations between protons and neutrons stop. This process rekindles the formation nucleons as now protons and nuetrons are unable to oscillate back.The proton and neutron ratio get fixed and that’s what progresses the Universal matter evolution.
Thus Atri ‘kindles’ the Surya (nucleons) (8). This is explained in Rg Veda Mandala 5 hymn 40 (7).
Chandra atri – Son of atri – The baryons of nucleus
The neutrino decoupling process stops the oscillation of (and thus bring out the) lightest baryons (protons, neutrons) all over the spacetime, as neutrinos leave. These light baryons form the atomic nucleus with QCD binding energy. These light baryons with QCD binding energy are called chandra-atri.
Soma is the Strong interaction. Soma is called Chandra when it becomes the binding energy in baryons and atomic nucleus. Most of the ‘reflected’ light in the Universe is because of light reflected by the QCD binding energy in baryons/atomic nucleus. Chandra is ‘reflection’ of light. Hence Soma (Strong interaction) becomes Chandra (reflector of light) when it becomes the energy in baryons and atomic nucleus. Chandra-atri is the QCD binding energy of the baryons and atomic nucleus.
Datta-atri – Son of atri – The heavy baryons
The neutrino decoupling process also stops the oscillation of (and thus bring out the) heavier baryons (made of strange, charm quarks). But these heavier baryons are unstable. They ‘give up’ their forms and decay to lighter baryons and other particles.
These heavier baryons are the ‘datta-atri’. These give up their forms into other particles and lighter baryons. Datta means giving up. Since these are ‘heavy’, datta-atri is called the ‘Guru’. Guru means ‘heavy’. Dattaatreya (heavier baryons that give up their forms) also became examples of Sannyasa or ‘ascetic’ way of live and has spawned several philosophies.
DurvAsa – Son of atri – The excited state of baryons
The neutrino decoupling process also brings out several other excited particle states caused by excitation of energetic Quarks in baryons and mesons. But these excited states cannot live or reside longer in these states. They lose their excitation and return to a more stabler state.
These excited states that cannot be resided in for long are the ‘durvAsa’. durvAsa is that which cannot reside or live with. durvAsa is son of shiva because it is excited energy state. The excited energy states are more subjected to weak interactions (hence durvAsa cannot be escape sudarshan chakra).
In the pre-higgs Universe, excited states of composite particles of quark cannot sustain as they lose their excitation quickly. But in the post-higgs universe, due to quark’s higgs field interaction, they acquire mass and have some ground state. This leads to stable protons. This is the story of durvAsa cursing Indra to lose power and samudra manthan leading to devas acquiring nectar (higgs field interaction).
Soma and Amrtam
‘Immortality’ is the property of matter forms to be overcome weak force decay. Formation of protons, atomic nucleus and elements that are not subjected to weak force decay is the acquiring of immortality of ‘devas’.
Two forces play a great role in it. One is the Strong interaction and other is the Higgs Interaction. Both these interactions cause the property of ‘mass’.
Soma is the Strong Interaction. It manifests as ‘binding energy’ in baryons and atomic nucleus. Most of the reflection of light in the Universe is caused by this Soma, the binding energy of strong interaction. Hence Soma is called Chandra. This Soma is ‘amrtam’ in a way as it gives rise to immortal protons and atomic nucleus.
Samudra manthan, the churning of Ocean in which Vishnu resides is the process of Higgs field acquiring Vacuum Expectation Value. The nectar or amrtam that is got is the Higgs Boson. During Samdura-Manthan, Suras (Quarks) drink the nectar (Higgs Boson) and form various devas. The mass caused by Higgs on Quarks and Electrons gives rise to protons, elements and more complex forms of matter.
Thus Soma (Strong interaction ) and Amrtam (Higgs Boson) cause immortality in their own ways.
SvarabhAnu, the neutrinos also drink the ‘nectar’ or Higgs Boson. But when svarabhanu drinks the nectar, Weak force cuts it off.
Higgs interaction changes Handedness/Chirality
But whenever a particle interacts with Higgs field, its ‘chirality’ or handedness changes. Hence the particle oscillates between being right-handed and left-handed. This applies to electrons (and their flavors), quarks (and their flavors) and neutrinos.
This is known as ‘mixing’ of handedness due to Higgs field interaction. Hence Quarks, electrons, neutrinos and their anti-particles and all their flavors are always a mix of right-and left-handedness.
The left-handed particle and right-handed anti-particle possess weak charge. The right-handed particle and left-handed anti-particle does not possess weak charge.
Since all particles are a mixture of handedness due to Higgs interaction, a part of them is subjected to weak interactions and a part of them are not.
The ‘split’ of right and left-handed neutrinos
The process explained below is not the currently accepted standard model. While there is a suspicion that neutrinos are of majorana form (particle and antiparticle are same), the theories around it are not yet proven. So what I am writing here is what I gleam from the Puranic stories.
The neutrinos are their own anti-particle. Hence both left-handed neutrino and right-handed neutrino are subjected to weak force decay, as neutrinos are their own anti-particle.
Neutrinos also change chirality/handedness on Higgs field interaction. But both components (left and right handed) are subjected to weak force decay. The left-handed component is the ‘head’ and the right-handed component is the ‘body of a neutrino, as this chirality/handedness changes continuously.
When left-handed excitations of neutrino field bounce off the higgs field, the emerging right-handed component is decayed by weak force such that it does not exist at all. This means left-handed excitations in the neutrino field remain left-handed. This is the splitting of ‘head’ of svarabhanu (left-handed) and becoming rAhu.
This rAhu is the left-handed neutrino.
Similarly when the right-handed excitations of neutrino field bounces off a higgs field and their left-handed component is supposed to emerge, the weak force decays the left-handed component such that the left-handed component does not exist at all. This means the right-handed excitations in the neutrino field remain right-handed. This is the splitting of the ‘body’ of svarabhanu (right-handed) and becoming ketu.
This ketu is the right-handed neutrino (or more precisely known as right-handed anti-neutrino). The right-handed neutrinos are known as right-handed anti-neutrinos under the assumption that neutrino and anti-neutrino are different particles. But in my understanding neutrinos are of the ‘majorana’ form (their own antiparticle).
Rahu (left-handed) and Ketu (right-handed) alternate and hence they are always 180* apart..
rAhu kAlam – Time of vacillation /Oscillation
rAhu kAlam is the time ‘impact of neutrinos’ causing oscillation of neutrons to protons to neutrons in the early Universe. It’s an unsteady state of universe. It is the time when svarabhAnu had cast the ‘mAyA’ on Indra (protons) and hidden the nucleo-synthesis process. Hence it is believed that whatever we do in rAhu kAlam results in oscillations and does not progress well.
But I have no idea, how rAhu kAlam gets related to the ‘timings’ of the week.
But any action we start at any time with lot of vacillations is rAhu kAlam. The vaccillations have to de-couple for the action to proceed
More to come..
Rishi Pulaha, Kratu..
More posts by this author:
- Rsis of the Vedas – Part 10 (Catur Sana and Catur Yuga)
- Rsis of the Vedas – Part 1
- Rsis of the Vedas – Part 8
- The 51 letters of saMskRt and Universe – shakti pIta
- Dark Energy Scalar field – From Brhadharanyaka Upanishad