Audial and Literary Cultures: The Bhagavad Gita as a Case Study

by Antonio T. de Nicolas, PhD

I am arguing in this paper that in order to study cultures we must first be able to identify the models by which a culture forms itself. I distinguish. between audial and literary cultures and audial cultures I further distinguish from oral cultures. Oral cultures used songs to transmit information (like the navigation rules of the Somoans), while an audial culture provides us with a structure ruled by the corre- spondence between the innate auditory sense of harmony and tone on the one hand and the arithmetic properties and ratios of the vibrating strings on the other. The literary culture takes the eye as the primary sense and organizes sensation by the criteria of a semiotic model that takes sight as primary. These texts are based upon the properties of sentences as embodied in grammar, two-valued logic, mathematics, classical physics, constructivism.

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Technologies Of Transformation: From Mysticism to Creation

By Antonio T. de Nicolas, PhD
Introduction

The present paper is an attempt to clarify certain technologies that have come down to us as mystical and yet are the conditions for any creative human act. In these acts we include those needed by people in recovery, and what we name mystical. By mystical experience we refer particularly to an experience which has come to us historically – early Christians, John of the Cross, Ignatius de Loyola, Teresa de Avila, etc. – rather than contemporary "oceanic" experiences not yet historical or verifiable. And what is true of Christianity applies equally to Hinduism and Buddhism, that claim as their origin an experience which is strictly out of time

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