Culture is institutionalized learning. We transfer our learning and experiences as culture to the next generation. Hence culture is highly susceptible to change. But it also guards us against wild changes that affect the evolution as people learn from the past.
Culture helps people to adapt to the changes in their environments and evolve in their thinking in a steady way. When culture becomes stagnant as people get emotionally bound to their inherited ideas, it is bound to get destroyed.
The Aryan Civilization, the hall-mark of which is the Varna Asrama Dharma should have evolved as a cultural phenomena and inherited across generations and regions. As it kept evolving it helped people scale newer heights.
At some point, Varna Asrama Dharma became stagnant resulting in societal exploitation and loss of knowledge, leading to its downfall in terms of its values.
Vishnu Sahasra Nama
Traditionally Vishnu Sahasranama is interpreted wherein every word is equated to name of Vishnu. I differ from that. Instead Vishnu Sahasranama explains the way Vishnu works in this Universe in each sentence of Vishnu Sahasranama.
Some day, if it is The will, I would provide my interpretation which will bring before everyone the various ‘actions’ of Vishnu from Vishnu Sahasranama.
Before I get into how the Indus valley symbols map into Vishnu Sahasra Nama, let’s understad the particular slokas of Vishnu Sahasra Nama.
Maharishi Kapilacharya– The remorseless destroyer
The Vishnu Sahasranama says
“Maharishi Kapilacharya Krtagno Medhini pathi”
Krtagna – destroying past services or benefits , unmindful of (services) rendered
Medhini pathi – Lead/Companion of the World (its intellect beings)
It means “Unmindful destroyer of world (beings) (one who destroys without worrying about past services) like the Maharishi Kapila”
Maharishi Kapila is an ancient Sage and Rishi who burnt the 60,000 sons of King Sagara into ashes without any remorse such that their souls could not be redeemed at all. When a grandson of Sagara begged him to bring back them to life, he refused, but let their souls be redeemed if Ganges is brought to Earth.
Thus Vishnu is the one who destroys beings like Maharishi Kapila without past considerations.
What did Vishnu destroy like that..?
The end of Mahasringa
The Vishnu Sahasranama further says
“Tripadas Trita SAdhya Aksho MahaSringa Krtanta Krt”
Tripadhas – Three-steps, three stepped world
Trita – Water living
sAdya – fit for driving animal or horse
Aksha – Wheel, axle
sAdyakso – fit for driving wheel
Mahasringa – Big Horn
Krithantha – End-causing
Krit – Performer
It means “One who brought the end of Maha-Sringa, the water being that could drive three stepped world”
According to Matsya Purana, the Maha-Sringa, the Big Horned one (the horn yoked Matsya) drove the ‘Nava(boat/ship)” of Satyavrta during the great flood, wherein the ship carried all the herbs/ creepers (Vegetation), Satyavrta (Animals/Human beings) and seven Rishis (Celestial beings or Non-Humans, the fourth race which I refer here)
Hence Maha-Sringa is the driver that drove the beings of the three worlds to safety during the flood. Thus according to Matsya Purana, Maha-Sringa, an aquatic being that was yoked with horn saved the world from extinction during an extinction event, driving the beings of the three worlds to safety.
One way of looking at it is that a huge peak (Maha Sringa) that was in the midst of an ocean and probably moving (Matsya – Being of ocean) helped save the beings at the time of a huge flood, by serving as a harbour for the boat that carried human beings, plants and the Rishis. And though that being helped save the beings of three worlds, it got ultimately destroyed due to changes as time progresses.
That Being could be a ‘huge fish with yoked horns’ as understood later (moving in the ocean) or it could be a moving mountain (tectonic plate movements under ocean) that rose in an ocean.
Vishnu is hailed as one who brought an end to the Maha-sringa who actually saved the three worlds.
But why did Vishnu end the era of Maha-Sringa..?
The beginning of Mahavaraha
The Vishnu Sahasranama continues
“Maha Varaho Govinda Sushena Kanaka Angadi”
Maha Varaho – The Great Boar
Govinda – finder of plentitude, multiplier
Sushena – army, band of soldiers, band /group of beings associated with something, somebody
Kanagan – Golden
gathi – progression
It means “Multiplier of the Great Boar group’s golden progression”. Vishnu is hailed as one who multiplied the Great Boar and its familial groups.
Thus Vishnu Sahasra Nama hails Vishnu as the one who destroys without past considerations like Kapila, one who made the Maha-sringa extinct in that way and also the one who evolved the Great Boar family.
Thus Vishnu ends the era of one being only to start evolving the other.
In Mahabharata, in the Santi Parva, Krishna says
“Assuming, in the days of old, the form of a boar (Varaha) with a single tusk (Eka-Sringa), o enhancer of the joy of others, I raised the submerged Earth from the bottom of the ocean. From this reason I am called by the name of Ekasringa”.
Varaha – The Scavenger Animal
Let’s look at what science says.
In case of an extinction event (like the Cretaceous–Paleogene extinction event that happened 65.5 million years ago) which cuts-off sunlight, creating huge ice-shelves on continents, resulting in most of land getting covered with ice, only semi-aquatic beings that can ‘SCAVENGE’ on the remains can survive.
This kind of event is like getting the entire earth into the deep darkness of ocean. Only semi-aquatic scavenging beings can survive such events and evolve according to science, as food becomes scarce and most of land is covered with ice that expands.
And that’s what exactly several Puranas and Mahabharata state. They say ‘Varaha’ (Boar) which is a ‘Scavenger’ animal lifted the beings of the earth from the bottom of the ocean.
It is natural that such beings evolve a horn to shovel snow probably. The Eka-Sringa Varaha is one such animal.
Vishnu Sahasra Nama hails Vishnu as one who ended the Maha-sringa and evolved the Great Boars from which evolution picked up again.
Mahavaraha – Eka Sringa
Krishna continues in Santi Parva
“While I assumed the form of mighty boar for this purpose, I had three joinings on my back. Indeed in consequence of this peculiarity of this form at that time, I have come to be called Trikakud. Those who are conversant with science of Kapila call the Supreme Soul by the name of Virincha who is the Prajapati. I am identical with Virincha”
In the vertebrate family of land animals, ‘Sacrum’, the triangular bone at the back is a peculiar feature. All land animals including humans do have sacrum.
The Sacrum is a bone structure formed by meeting of three bones. It is the ‘Trika-kud’. Trika (three) kud (joining) is thus the animals that sacrum. It is because of evolution of sacrum that colonization of land and further evolution to human beings could happen.
The Great Boar that colonized the land had evolved the sacral structure that helped it to colonize the land (according to Vishnu Sahasranama above as well as science) and evolved its family of beings. Hence it is the ‘first’ or ‘originator’ of other beings. Hence it is called the ‘Virincha’, which means the first one or originator of others.
This is the reason that Indus Valley seals depict Maha-Sringa and Eka-Sringa at the same time. In fact the facial feature of Eka-Sringa depicted in Indus Valley seals is clearly of the ‘Varaha’ type
In Vishnu Sahasranama Maha-Sringa and Varaha (which is the Eka-Sringa as Krishna says in Mahabharata) are talked about next to each other as described above.
Hence one can understand that the above Indus Valley seal depicts Maha-Sringa and Eka-Sringa together, as they are depicting the sloka ‘Tripadas Trita Sadyaksho Mahasringa Krtanta krt” (End of Mahasringa) and ‘Mahavaraho Govinda Sushena Kanakan Gathi” (Progression of Maha-Varaha) sloka of Vishnu Sahasra Nama.
The Mahavaraha – Unicorn
Fossil discoveries and research has shown that Elasmotherium (Thin Plate Beast) is an extinct genus of giant rhinoceros which was supposed to be in the Late Pleistocene period (from 2.6 millions years to 50000 years before). E. Sibiricum which was supposed to be roaming the steppes of Siberia is found to be a 2meters height mammoth with a Unicorn and a humped back.
Hence Eka-Sringa is not an imagination. It is probably more an extinct species. Similarly Maha-Sringa and Matsya Purana incident (as that of Noah’s Ark) are incidents that should have happened long back, much before homosapien race evolved.
This is also strong evidence that there was a fourth race of beings who trace their ancestry to long time before the homosapien race evolved.
SAdyaksha Tripada Mahasringa
There are three symbols in the above. They are a Wheel, a 3*3 squared structure (three partitioned, tripada) with fish (trita) in between, a Matsya yoked with a Big Horn.
The wheel is a wheel of chariot or a riding wheel. It is the SAdyaksa or riding wheel.
The 3 partitioned (tripada) structure with fish (trita) in-between is the Tripadas trita. The trita (water being) is shown carrying the worlds above and below.
The Universe (in terms of its beings) evolves in three steps. The first step is stellar evolution that happens in cosmic space, the second step is in water and the third step is in land.
In times of the flood it is the water beings that carry the biological evolution forward. It is the Matsya that can drive the evolution in all the three steps of the world.
It conveys the meaning “Sadyaksa Tripada-trita Mahasringa”.
There are nine symbols in the above. The Maha-sringa or the Fish yoked with Horn are the first two symbols. The three partitions (tri-pada) are indicated by three lines, two following the Horn and one at the end of the tablet.
In between the second and third line, which indicates the third step of evolution on land, we have a fish, amphibian, animal with sacrum and two-legged beings.
After the end (Krtanta) of Maha-sringa, evolves a new family of fishes and amphibians that evolve into beings with ‘sacrum’ (Maha-varaho Govinda sushena) and two-legged beings. This golden progression (kanaka angadi) of beings in the Maha Varaha (Great Scavenger) evolution are depicted thus in the above inscription.
Thus it conveys “Maha-varaho Govinda Sushena Kanaka Angadi”.
Not just this, another Indus Valley seal depicts the Nrsimha avatar. More about in the next blog.
More posts by this author:
- The Eternal Varna Asrama Dharma – Part 11
- The Eternal Varna Asrama Dharma – Part 13
- Ashta Vasus – Biological Basics – Science of Sankhya Part II
- Rsis of the Vedas – Part 10 (Catur Sana and Catur Yuga)
- The Eternal Varna Asrama Dharma – Part 3