The Eternal Varna Asrama Dharma – Part 14


In the process of evolution of intelligence, convergence and divergence are the tools. Our thoughts, value systems, philosophies converge and diverge all the time, giving rise to new mosaic of systems ever.

Unless the human minds are able to adapt to this convergence and divergence and possibly guide the process, we are going to find it extremely painful and difficult as time leaves us behind.

But then there are basic laws and rules by which everything plays in Universe. These laws are applicable at all times from the Big Bang to dissolution of Universe at some point of time.

Varna and Asrama are applicable to us always. But it does not mean that Varna Asrama Dharma should be used to shackle people into pre-defined positions. By understanding Varna Asrama Dharma is a law that operates on all of us, human civilizations could put it to use for happy living. A Civilization that learns from Varna Dharma and Asrama Dharma and structures itself towards evolution was called Aryan in those days. Thus Aryan was never referred to as a race, but a civilization.

Goddesses in Indus Valley

Some scholars describe gods of Indus Valley seals as depicting Shiva and hence Dravidian. Some scholars describe gods of Indus valley as Agni or Indra and hence Aryan. Some scholars describe the seals as depicting goddesses and hence a different culture.

I see that Indus valley seals depict a variety of events and scenarios. My assumption is that these are depiction of what the people of Indus Valley heard from Rishis of the yore and depicted them on clay.

Markandeya Purana – Devi Mahatmyam
Markandeya Purana, though one of the eighteen puranas is a cut above the rest in the sense, many treat it almost as equal to the Vedas. Though it starts as Jaimini seeking answers for questions he had on events of Mahabharatha from Sage Markandeya, who redirects him to Birds that live in the cave of a Vindhya mountain, the conversation between Birds and Jamini turn to all events that are happening between origin and dissolution of Universe.

The Birds refer to a conversation between Markandeya and his son to explain all the events that happened between origin to dissolution. Killing of Mahisha by Devi is described as one of the events.

In the battle between Devi and Mahisha, Mahisha assumes the form of a buffalo and fights the Devi. The following is verse 32, Chapter 83 of Markandeya Purana

Thatho mahasuro bhooyo maahisham vapurasthitha
Thadiva Kshobhayamasa trilokyam sa characharam.

After this the great asura took the form of buffalo and shook the entire world with its beings.

The following is from Verse 37, Chapter 83 of Markandeya Purana.

Rishir Uvacha

Eva mukthwa samuth pathya saa rooda thaam mahasuram,
Paadenakramya kante cha soole maina mathadayath.

Eva Mukthwa – Putting aside thus (the challenge from asura)
Samudh patya – arose, sprang up
Saa roodathaam mahasuram– and imposed on the great asura
Paadenakramya kante – her feet methodically piercing
Cha sule maina math adayath – and destroyed mercilessly with Spear

Rishi says “Having put aside thus, Devi arose/sprang up and imposed her feet on the great asura and destroyed mercilessly with spear”.

The below seal describes the above verse completely. The Rishi is on the RHS. Devi can been seen placing her left leg on the Mahisha and piercing the mahisha with a spear.

The Spear is clearly seen. The Spear in fact has a sharp edge with two small protrusions and looks like a precursor to later day trident. The Buffalo’s face is clearly seen with the horns.

To clear any doubts, the back-side of the above Seal has the following depiction.

The Markandeya Purana, Chapter 83, Verse 29 states the following:

Thatha Simho abhavadsadhyo yavathambhika sira

Chinnathi thavaht purusha Gadgapaniradhursyadha.

Tata Simho – That lion
Abhavadsadhyo – became swiftly
Yavathambika – as fast ambika
Sira china ati thavaht – cut through/interrupted/held the head very largely
Purusha Gadga panir – interrupted male or stammering male
Adhur- not laden (reduced)
Syada – driving, speed

As swiftly as mahisha became lion Ambika cut through/interrupted/held the head very largely, that male stammered/interrupted reduced speed (stopped)

The Markandeya Purana, Chapter 83, Verse 30 states the following:

Thatha evasu purusham devi chichedha sayakai

Tham gadga charmana saardham thatha so aboon maha gaja.

Thata evasu purusham – that male
Devi chichedha – devi cuts off
(Sayaka – fit enough to be hurled away and hence a missile or arrow)
Sayakai – like a missle (or) hurls off like a missile
Tham gadga – that stammering
Charmana – multitude of shields, layered
Sardham – joined together
Thata so abu maha gaja – then he became a big elephant.

Devi cuts off that male like an arrow (hurls or throws off). That stammering male with multitude of shields overlaid, then became a big elephant. From this elephant then Mahisha becomes a buffalo as described in Verse 37.

The seal clearly describes Devi catching the lion(s) by neck. The elephant is shown below. A discus or Chakra is shown above in the seal. In the Devi Baghavatham, Devi cuts off the head of Mahisha (after spearing) by a Discus.

Thus the seal in two sides clearly describe the events of Devi Bhagavatham or Markandeya Purana, including the narration by the Rishi.

What do we learn from these Seals..?
The seals in my view show a continuity with flow of thoughts with later day civilizations of the region. The very same events that later day civilizations talked about are depicted during the Indus Valley times also.

Whether it coud be because of a fourth race of Rishis (White Skinned men) as I assume or it is due to evolution of the same civilization over a period, that there was a continuity of thoughts could be clearly seen.

This means that Indus Valley people were also a mixture of Australoids, Mongoloids and Caucasoids wherein the mixture could have been happening through a combination of War, Peace and Immigration. At the least, their civilization has continued till now in many Puranas we see now.

It is highly possible that the Mongoloids who came in from east, Caucasoids who came in from the North and Australoids who came in from South were merging and mixing even at the times of Indus Valley civilization through a combination of War, peace and immigration and shared a lot of concepts in common, which is seen by its continuity in the later days.

From the clay pottery we can also infer that the Civilization was not well advanced compared to the later day civilizations. We can also see three kinds of people in Indus Valley Seals.

We could see Kings (Kshatriyas), ordinary people (Vaizyas) and Rishis. The Kings probably were Kshatriya and Brahmanas rolled together (Priestly Kings).

The society seems to be evolving into Varna Dharma as any society would naturally do.

In fact, several scholars have opined, based on analysis of Rg Veda, there were only two Varnas in the early Rg Vedic period. Kshatriyas and Brahmanas rolled into one and Vaizyas the other. Probably Indus Valley Civilization was at this stage.

More to come..



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