The Varna Asrama Dharma that I have been writing about in this series is different from what is viewed as Varna Asrama Dharma. Simply put, Varna defines the three professions based on three gunas, which is applicable at all times of the world. They are the knowledge providers (Brahamanas), service providers (Kshatriyas) and Material providers (Vaizyas). Then there is the fourth profession based on Karma, which is manual/hard/slave labor (Sudras).
Today the world population is an inverted triangle with huge labor on top and less knowledge providers at the bottom, which causes all the problems of society.
Similarly the four stages of Asrama are tuned to human and societal evolution. In the Brahmachari stage, youth are ‘wired’ to learn fast. In Grhastaha stage people are ‘wired’ to enter a profession and stable life. In Vanaprastha stage they are ‘wired’ to use their experiences to innovate. In Sanyasa stage they need to live a detached life.
This type of living is tuned to human needs as well as society needs. Except the Grhastha stage, in all other stages, humans live a life of simplicity thereby reducing their demands on society and nature.
It is when our life and times are not tuned to Asrama Dharma, we suffer, which is happening now.
How this definition of Varna Asrama Dharma got morphed into a Caste system, as seen today is the subject of this series, as part of which we are trying to decipher the evolution of Aryan society in Rg Veda days.
The Sudas cross the sindh and get cultured by Trtsus, who are the third race of Rishis (in my definitions here). The motley groups of Sudas then integrate and setup societies in early days.
From motely tribes to two divisions of Aryas
IyurarthaM na nyarthaM paruSNImAshushcanedabhipitvaM jagAma
sudAsa indraH sutukAnamitrAnarandhayan mAnuSe vadhrivAcaH
iyurarthaM – they go in the manner
Na – Not
nyarthaM –going amiss, failure, destruction
paruSNim – roughness, violence, mixed or motley group of people
Going in the manner of not failing the motley group
Azu – quick
kSa – loss, destruction
ca – and
ned – not indeed
and not indeed their swift destruction/loss
abhipitvaM – (eqvalent to apa-pitvam) separation
jagAma – go, went, departed, returned
their separation departed
Going in the manner of not failing the motley group and not indeed their swift destruction/loss, their separation departed (To avoid destruction their motleyness/separation departed)
sudAsa – receiver of gifts
indraH – conquerors
sutukam – swiftly running
amitra – enemy, adversary
narandhayan –human darkness
The SudAs are conquerors of swiftly run over adversary of human darkness
mAnuse – humanity, manhood
Vadhri – unmanly
Vaca – talk, knowledge
(which is) Human people’s knowledge impotence
The Sudas are conquerors of swiftly running adversary of the human darkness, the human people’s knowledge impotence.
The motley group’s separation departed to avoid their failings and swift destruction. The Sudas swiftly run over and conquer the adversary, the human darkness of human’s knowledge impotence.
The Sudasas guided by the Trtsus realize that the adversary of human beings is not other human beings or tribes, but the impotence of human knowledge or darkness. So they start evolving in knowledge with the help of the Conquerors of Sudas (the Trtsus) by eliminating their motleyness.
IyurgAvo na yavasAdagopA yathAkRtamabhi mitraM citAsaH
pRshnigAvaH pRshninipreSitAsaH shruSTiM cakrurniyuto rantayashca
Iyur – they go
gAvo – evolving
ivyurgAvo – they go evolve, they go moving
na – not
yava – speed, velocity, grain/grass
yavasAd – grazing, pasturing, speeding
agopA – not tended by one
yathA – in that way
kRta – accomplished, done, performed, gained
abhi – towards
mitraM – firendly
citAsaH – pile, heap, multitude
They go evolving further, Not by grazing untended, such that they gain multitude of friends. (They are now guided by the Trtsu’s)
pRzni – manifold, different, speckled, motley or mixed character
gAvaH – evolves
pRzninipreSitAsaH – sent or hastening down
The motley characteristics evolves/moves hastening down. The motley characteristics come down.
zruSTim – willing, glad, obedient
cakrur – doing, going around
The willing/obedient go around/follow
niyuto – fixed, fastened, bound
rantaya – warriors
akSa ca – key and
binding all the key people/warriors
The motley characteristic hastens down. The willing people follow binding all key people/warriors
They go evolving further, guided, to gain multitude of friends. Their motley characteristics comes down fast. They go around binding all key warrior groups of the region.
ekaM ca yo viMshatiM ca shravasyA vaikarNayorjanAn rAjA nyastaH
dasmo na sadman ni shishAti barhiH shUraH sargamakRNodindra eSAm
ekaM – ONE
ca – and
yo – one who, whoever, that were
vimzatim – is Twenty, 20
ca – and
Those were of one and twenty divisions
shravasyA – fame, glory
vaikarNayor – people of two tribes
janAn – got born
rAjA – king
nyasta – got placed
Became people of two glorious divisions(probably Brahmanas and Vaizyas or may not be), rule got placed
People who were one or were in twenty divisions became people of two divisions and their rule got placed
dasmon – The sudasas
na sadmanni – were not dwellers, sitters
zizAti – Sharpening or stimulating
barhiH – their seats (made of Kusa grass)
The receivers were not dwellers, simply sharpening their seats.
zuraH – Brave, Heroic
sargam – times of, millennium, creation
akrnod – not making
indra – conquerors
eSam – of them
They were heroic/valiant (in) times of not making conquerors of them.
People who were one or in twenty groups became people of two divisions and the rule got placed. (It does not mean) The sudasas were just sitting sharpening their seats. They were heroic people living in the times of not making conquests.
adha shrutaM kavaSaM vRddhamapsvanu druhyuM ni vRNag vajrabAhuH
vRNAnA atra sakhyAya sakhyaM tvAyanto ye amadannanu tvA
adha – Then, Partly, Moreover
shrutaM – the revelation (their revelations), learnings, knowledge heard from the Rishis
kavasam – shield
vrddhaM – Growth, expansion, progress
ap-svanu – work-well
druhyuMni – hostility
vRNag – consume
vajrabAhu – strong armed
Moreover the knowledge heard from the Rishis shield, work well to progress, consume the hostility of the strong armed (people, ruffians)
vRNAna – Choosing
atra – then, there
sakhyAya – friendliness of
sakhyaM – friendship
tvAyanto – towards thy (towards Rishis)
ye – those
amadann – rejoice, cheer
anu tva – to you
Choosing there friendliness of the friendship towards you (the Rishis), these (people of 2 divisions) rejoice to you
Though the Sudas were not going on conquests, they had the knowledge of the Rishis that shielded them from hostility of the strong armed people. They chose the friendliness of the friendship towards you (Vasishta) and they rejoiced to you.
Thus Sudasas crossed the Sindh, met with Trtsus, became people of two divisions from being motley 20 groups and became Vedic chanters too.
Conventional interpretation by Griffith is as follows
As to their goal they sped to their destruction: they sought Parusni; e’en the swift returned not. Indra abandoned, to Sudas the manly, the swiftly flying foes, unmanly babblers. They went like kine unherded from the pasture, each clinging to a friend as chance directed. They who drive spotted steeds, sent down by Prsni, gave ear, the Warriors and the harnessed horses. The King who scattered one-and-twenty people of both Vaikarna tribes through lust of glory. As the skilled priest clips grass within the chamber, so hath the Hero Indra, wrought their downfall.
Next- Further evolution of Sudasas
More posts by this author:
- The Eternal Varna Asrama Dharma – Part 17
- The Eternal Varna Asrama Dharma – Part 19
- The Eternal Varna Asrama Dharma – Part 16
- The Eternal Varna Asrama Dharma – Part 20
- The Eternal Varna Asrama Dharma – Part 21