The Mantra-Tantras of Sandhya Vandanam – Punar Marjanam


If one wants to cultivate the habit of TSV, it need to be cultivated as a post-bath habit. It is as important as taking bath. Taking Bath cleans our body. TSV cleans our mind, provides it with balance and big thinking.


TSV is also not about being rational or irrational, theist or atheist. Atheists say it is ‘nature’ that provides the laws and guides the evolution. Theists see a ‘desire of a supreme being (may be called nature)” in establishing the laws of this Universe.


Atheists say God does not externally influence day to day activities and it is our own efforts that get things done. Theists say that God influences the day to day activities manifesting in our inside.


Atheists say we need to be true to our consciousness. Theists say that our consciousness is the manifestation of a supreme consciousness.


The importance of the ‘Gayatri Mantra’ stems from the fact that we invoke ‘Savitr’ as the ‘Self-Confidence’ manifestation of our consciousness, so that we can radiate what we have like the Sun, fearlessly, furthering the evolution. Atheists also would want to do the same.


Atheists see Science as their religion and believe in whatever is perceptible to our mind (rationale) and methods of understanding. And that science continuously changes (which is the right thing) making our past understandings more a ‘belief/faith at that point of time’ than reality. Theists see their beliefs/faith as a science and that also continuously changes (which is also the right thing), inventing newer beliefs/faiths.


As one could see, both are same in the substance, but differ in the style. TSV, as a procedure for body-mind synchronization, is common for both of them.

Marjanam and Punar Marjanam – Procedure to bathe


If one keenly observes how we bathe, first we pour water over ourselves or allow a running body of water to run over ourselves from head to toe. Then we scrub the body from head to toe. Again we pour water over ourselves or allow a running body of water to run over ourselves from head to toe. Many religious families have the habit of sprinkling water all around us saying ‘Sri Rama Rakshi” after the bathing is over. Some people meditate for a moment before they leave the bathroom.


The first part is Marjanam. The second part is Achamanam/Anga-Vandanam. The third part is Punar Marjanam. The fourth part is Argyam/Prayachitya Argyam. The fifth part is Aikya-anusandhanam.


Hence I suggested in the last blog that we can do upto Aikya-anusandanam during our daily bathing exercise itself.


I had explained the mantras for Marjanam during the first part of bathing in the last blog. Before we scrub the body (with a soap or liquid) from head to toe externally, we can do the Achamanam and Anga-vandanam and then scrub. Again when we start bathing we can recite the mantras of Punar-Marjanam.


However all these are done after taking bath today. The bathing is mimicked by sprinkling of water on head and toes.

Achamanam & Anga-Vandanam


After the Marjanam is over, we do the Achamanam procedure once again.


As we physically scrub and clean the body after the first bathe, Achamanam and Anga-vandanam mentally clean the body by training ourselves to focus and achieving mind and body synchronization.


Then we take bath again as in Punar Marjanam, reciting the following mantras.

Punar Marjanam – Purifying the body once again – The mantra part

In the first set of slokas are from RgVeda Mandala 4 Hymn 39


Dadhi kravano akarisham

Jishnor asvasya vajina

Surabhino mukha karaat

Prana aygumshi tharisaa


Aapo hishta mayo bhuva

thana oorje dadha thana

Mahe ranaaya chakshase

Yova shiva thamo rasa

Thasya bhajaya thehana

usatheeriva mathara

Thasma aranga mamava

Yasya kshayaya jinwadha

Aapo janayadha jana

Om bhorbuvassuva



Dadhi – coagulated milk (Dadhi means milk which is coagulated that has both whey and solid part).  Dadhi in essential means potential but in-active colloid

Kravano-  timid

Akarisham – in action, not-perform

Dadhi Kravano akArisham- timid inactive colloid


Jishnor – Victorious, excelling, Sun

Asva – Sun, Sun’s rays, Asvasya – this Sun’s

Vajina – potent, pro-creative, fast, swift, race, emulation

Jisnor Asva asya Vajina – Due to this Sun’s rays race


Surabhino Mukha karat – Source of the Spring maker

Karaat – maker

Surabhino Mukha Karat – Becomes the maker of the source of spring


PrAna – Metabolism

Ayuhu Umsi – life bearing (feminine)

tarISa – Ocean, fine shape, competent person


of metabolizing (breathing)  life in ocean


The timid inactive colloid becomes the source of spring of metabolizing life by the racing of sun’s rays.  


On the ‘base medium of life’ stands the delight of Solar System, (which is)  monotonously (single-mindedly) and powerfully giving rise to posterity (reproduction and evolution of life). That Great mover originating from Caksu (the Aditya) spreads the property of massiveness by being the divider and giving birth like mother protecting the bed of life on whom resides the arousing ‘base medium of life’ (that is Apa) causing birth after birth.


IN Aitareya Upanishad, where the evolution of Universe is modeled as the evolution of a man, it is said that Aditya originates from Caksu.  It is also said that from Ziznam (male organ) originates Reta (semen) and from Reta comes Apa (nitrogenous base).  


The Rays of Sun (Asva) are the Zizna. Zizna indicates a male reproductive organ. They activate the ‘Dadhi’ and create the Reta (seminal fluid).  In that thrives the Apa which goes on creating life after life.


Science says that nitrogenous bases are powerful quenchers of UV quanta (available even in the Primitive Earth from the Sun) and effectively protect the (pentose-phosphate) backbones of RNA and DNA from UV cleavage. It says that Partial funneling of the UV energy into the condensation reactions provides a further boost for the oligomerization

 ‘Dadhi’ (a colloidal substance) protected by the Aditya is the ‘Aranga’ or the ‘bed of life’. The seven racing rays of the ‘Sun’ (Asva, energy of the Sun) separate the source of metabolic life (which is Apa, the sperm of life) from ‘Dadhi’.Thus a ‘Surabhimukha’ (source of spring) of ‘Prana AyuhumSi’ (breathing metablising life giving organisms (feminine)) is formed causing birth after birth.

Punar Marjanam – The Tantra part

This is done as part of concluding our bath, where we purify our body by water and mind by focusing on the Sun that creates us and gives us the bed of our life.


Thus Marjanam and Punar Marjanam are about taking bath and I would say they can be done while we are taking bath, so that we save time and make our everyday bathing experience more exhilirating mentally, while we wash our body mechanically.


We focus on Sun and relate how Sun has helped us evolve during this procedure for a specific reason. Sun, the Asva, is the Aditya for us. Thus Sun has furthered evolution, by radiating its energy and creating beings where the consciousness/intellect could manifest itself.


As we take bath (Marjanam and Punar Marjanam), we think of what the Sun has done and then in Arygya-Pradhanam (the next step), we think of how the Sun was able to do it.


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