The Mantra Tantras of Sandhya Vandanam – Samashti Abivandanam


After taming the body with slow breathing synchronized with mind, we invoked the Gayatri in us to remain neutral. If we need to self-drive ourselves, we need to be neutral. This is what we learn from the way electro-magnetic force is overcome for the nuclear fusion to happen in stars.


Then we invoked the progression of divine forces in us (Adapting to Change, Self-drive, Creation, Knowledge) to progress the evolution further, as evolution is all about best becoming the best of best. Those forces were Gayatri (Nuetrality), SAvitri (Self-Drive), Sandhyai (Change) and Saraswati (fast movements).


Then we invoke the Adityas in us by declaring ourselves that by continuous striving, striving over our doubts and curses, striving towards truth, overcoming large obstacles completely, acquiring the property to lead, we become driver of our wellbeing.


With these we have acquired the ability to become part of creation and evolution process. We are ready to enter the abode of Atman.


Inside the Abode of Atman


By becoming part of creation, we have entered the abode of Atman. We have acquired or wish to acquire properties similar to that Atman that made the Atman into the Brahman (one that continuously evolves).


Now we are visualizing that Atman in front of us. Whenever we see a person whom we like most, say a King or Minister or a Writer or actor, even today, we say few words praising that person before we introduce ourselves formally.


This is what we do now, when we visualize the SakshAt Atman in front of us.  We salute that Atman by praising the properties of that Atman. After praising that Atman, we introduce ourselves to that Atman.


Can we really realize that Atman in our senses..?


Samashti Abivandanam – Saluting the Atman and manifestations of Atman

Atman as seen by our senses


Starting from the direction facing which the japa was done after each manthra turn 90 degrees to the right. Recite the following Mantra


Sandhyayai nama

Savithryai nama

Gaythryai nama

Saraswathyai nama


Salutations to the Change Driver

Salutations to the Self-driver

Salutations to the Creation driver

Salutations to the Movement Driver


The Atman can never be ‘realized’ directly in our senses.


We realize that Atman by the properties that encompass that Atman. The Atman has four basic properties encompassing its four sides. We see these properties and praise these propertie of Atman first.


The Atma desired to ‘Change’ at first and evolve. Hence we see the ‘property’ of ‘Change’ (which resulted in us) first in the Atman. We praise that property. We do this praise standing in the direction in which ‘Change’ is happening now. That is the direction of Sandhya (East in the Morning, West in the Evening, North in the Afternoon).


Then came the ‘Self-Drive’ (nuclear fusion) which kick-started the creation process. Hence we see that property of Atman next. We praise that property.  We do this praise turning 90* towards right to the next property of Atman.


Then came the ‘Gayatri’ which kick-started the radiation and creation of matter and beings. We praise this property next by moving another 90*.


Then came the Saraswati, which manifest as the fast movement of matter and beings. This fast movement is also the evolution of knowledge, as the basic characteristics of Knowledge is, it is fast-moving. We praise this property next by moving another 90*


Atman as seen by our consciousness

Then chant with folded hands facing the same direction as that of Japa


Sarvebhyo  devathabhyo namo nama


The one who is Everything, The one who manifests as forces, I salute thee.


Now we salute the Atman that is inside these four properties.


Then chant facing the same direction


Kamo kArshit manyur akArshit namo nama.

Kamo – Desire to create

KArsit –  who pulls it along (Provider)

Manyur – Indignation against creation (anger against friends, anger against our own people)

aKarSin – leaving behind (remover)

namo namah – Salute thy


Provider of the desire to create, Remover of our indignation against creation, I salute thee


The Atman that is inside these properties, which we cannot realize by our senses, is the one we understand that induces the ‘desire to create’ in everything including us. We also know that it is the one that removes the ‘inertia’ against creation and make us evolve further and further.


We salute that Atman which makes us the creators ourselves.


Srimad Bhagavatam states there are three types of anger. Kopa, Manyu and Rosa are the 3 types. Kopa is anger towards enemies, Manyu is anger towards friends, Rosa is woman’s anger towards the beloved. Here we talk about the anger towards friends and hence more an indignation.

Introducting ourselves to the Atman

Then we introduce ourselves to that Atman.


Abhivadaye  (tell your rishis)[1] (tell number) Risheya

(tell your pravara) pravaranvitha

(tell your Gothra)gothra

(tell your Suthra)suthra

(tell your Veda)adhyay1

Sri (tell your name) sarmanam aham asmibho


In the traditional Abhivadhaye procedure we introduce ourselves with the most famous Rishis who belonged to our family or lineage, Our Gotra/family lineage, The name of the Rishi who devised the procedures that we follow, The branch of Veda we practice and our name.



Pravaram is all about indicating the distinguished seers who were in our lineage, way up the ancestral tree. We follow this practice even today, when we introduce ourselves as a relative of someone very famous. Is it not..?

Gotra  – Not about Y Chromosomes 

There is a ‘mis-conception’ (in my view) amongst many that Gotra is all about ‘Y’ Chromosomes and avoiding in-breeding of Y chromosomes. In my view, Gotra has nothing much to do with Y Chromosomes.


The genes in Y Chromosome that can pair with X are very limited. They are so limited that they are not known to cause damage during in-breeding compared to the damages from other genes. If Gotra system is all about just Y chromosomes, then that is not really warranted, as the damge due to Y-chromosomes in in-breeding is limited.

If we assume Y chromosomes never undergo change (which is not true) then Gotra system is not warranted at all. If we assume that it undergoes changes and defects are propagated over a period, then even in the same Gotra if a male and female are separated way way way up in the ancestral tree, they can marry. It is because the possibility that both of them will have same defective gene of Y chromosome is very limited as defects could have happened over a period.

But that is not the case.

Gotra System – A ‘Wholistic’ system to avoid in-breeding

Not just in Humans, even in Chimpanzees, females move over to other groups on reaching puberty. It is like women is given off in marriage or taken in a marriage. The reason for this is males who grew up together are well knit in defending, attacking, collecting food, strategizing etc. To avoid in-breeding within groups, generally females move out. This is the basis of patriarchal system.

Hence Gotras (which means large community living together, cow-shed) became based on male’s lineage.

It is possible that males in a lineage have the exact replica not just in terms of sex chromosomes but all the 23 pairs. It is possible that a women belonging to the same Gotra has 50% of her chromosomes similar to the male of that Gotra. Hence if a women belonging to same Gotra is brought in, it becomes equivalent to in-breeding. To avoid it, marriages within the same Gotras are avoided. (So it is not for avoiding defects in Y chromosome).

If there is a matriarchal system, in which women stay together and males go out, it makes sense to have female lineage based Gotras and to ensure marriage does not happen within the same gotra.

Gotra system of Seven Rishis

The seven rishis (Sapta Rishis) who started the Gotras might have any kind of chromosomes with any kind of defects. But by becoming the root and ensuring their lineages do not further in-breed within them, they have given natural selection a chance over the human desires, thus trying to wash away the defective genes over a period of time. 

Next we go on to do dik-devatha vandanam, which is to salute the spatial directions and dimensions that emanate from Atman.


More posts by this author:

Please follow and like us:

Leave a Reply

This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed.